114 Dokter meninggal dunia di bulan juli, Pentingnya memperhatikan material dan standar APD Tenaga Medis

Jumlah Kematian Tenaga Kesehatan akibat Covid-19 (per 6 Juli 2021)

Jumlah Kematian Tenaga Kesehatan akibat Covid-19 (per 6 Juli 2021)

Sumber : Lapor Covid-19, 6 Juli 2021

Dokter                        : 405

Perawat                     : 339

Bidan                         : 166

Nakes Lainnya         : 45

Dokter Gigi                : 43

ATLM*                        : 32

Apoteker                    : 9

Masalah

Lapor Covid-19 mencatat, sebanyak 1.066 tenaga Kesehatan di Indonesia meninggal dunia akibat virus corona Covid – 19 hingga Selasa, 6 Juli 2021. Mayoritas tenaga kesehatan yang meninggal karena virus mematikan tersebut adalah dokter, yakni 405 orang.

Sebanyak 339 perawat juga tercatat meninggal akibat corona. Kemudian, ada 166 bidan yang meninggal karena terpapar virus asal Wuhan, Tiongkok tersebut.

Dokter gigi yang meninggal dunia akibat corona mencapai 43 orang. Sebanyak 32 ahli tenaga laboratorium medis (ATLM) meninggal karena corona.

Ada pula sembilan apoteker yang meninggal dunia akibat corona. Petugas rekam radiologi dan tenaga sanitarian yang meninggal karena corona masing-masing sebanyak enam orang dan lima orang.

Terapis gigi, tenaga elektromedik, tenaga farmasi, dan petugas ambulans yang meninggal dunia karena corona sama-sama sebanyak 3 orang. Sebanyak 2 epidemiolog meninggal karena corona.

Satu fisikawan medik dan entomolog juga meninggal karena corona. Sedangkan, ada 45 kematian akibat corona berasal dari tenaga kesehatan lainnya.

Amukan seorang pasien positif corona membuat gempar jagat maya. Bagaimana tidak, amukan tersebut membuat APD yang dikenakan oleh seorang tenaga kesehatan (nakes) robek hingga 2 satpam tertular COVID-19.

Aksi amukan itu berakibat fatal. Dua orang satpam yang membantu mengamankan pasien tersebut tertular.

“Ya (satpam positif Corona) karena satpam ya membantu menghentikan pasien namun tidak pakai APD,” kata Kapolsek Pasar Minggu Kompol Bambang Handoko, kepada wartawan, Rabu (23/6/2021).

Resiko

Menurut data Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia (PPNI), Ninuk adalah perawat pertama yang tercatat meninggal akibat Covid-19.

Dari mana ninuk tertular virus?

Sebelum jatuh sakit, selain bekerja di RSCM, Ninuk tengah mengambil kuliah D-4 keperawatan di Jakarta Selatan serta menjalani praktik lapangan di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Dr. Soeharto Heerdjan, Grogol, Jakarta Barat.

Ninuk, yang berdomisili di Cikarang, Bekasi, dan beraktivitas dengan kereta commuter line ini, pernah menderita radang paru-paru di masa lalu.

“Kalau saya pribadi (berpikir), mungkin dia (terinfeksi) di RSCM atau RS Grogol,” kata Arul.

Penyebab

      Arul mengatakan sepengetahuannya, istrinya tidak memakai Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) untuk menghadapi pasien yang mungkin mengidap Covid-19 saat bertugas. Apalagi RSCM bukan merupakan rumah sakit rujukan Covid-19.

Istrinya juga tidak tahu menahu apakah ia sedang atau pernah menangani pasien dengan Covid-19, kata Arul.

Solusi

Cara untuk mencegah penularan Covid-19 untuk garda terdepan adalah dengan cara berikut :

Pemilihan & pemakaian APD yang tepat dan sesuai standar kesehatan.

perangkat perlengkapan yang berfungsi untuk melindungi penggunanya dari bahaya, misalnya infeksi virus atau bakteri. Bila digunakan dengan benar, APD mampu menghalangi masuknya virus atau bakteri ke dalam tubuh melalui mulut, hidung, mata, atau kulit.

  1. Masker

Ada 2 jenis masker yang umumnya digunakan sebagai APD dalam penanganan pasien COVID-19 atau orang yang dicurigai terinfeksi virus Corona, yaitu masker bedah dan masker N95.

Masker yang paling tepat untuk garda terdepan ialah Drager N95.

Lalu bagaimana cara pemakaian masker yang benar? Ikuti langkah-langkah berikut:

  • Biasakan mencuci tangan terlebih dahulu sebelum menggunakan masker, boleh menggunakan air mengalir dengan sabun, boleh juga menggunakan cairan antiseptik berbahan dasar alkohol.
  • Pastikan hidung, mulut, dan dagu tertutup seluruhnya.

Kenapa harus Drager N95?

Dalam pemilihan masker untuk menangani pasien COVID – 19 haruslah tepat, dari segi material dan kebocoran pada masker maka dari itu harus memperhatikan ISO(The International Organization for Standardization) yang tertera.

Drager n95

Respirator partikulat ini dapat membantu mengurangi paparan inhalasi terhadap agen biologis udara tertentu seperti virus flu burung, SARS atau agen biologis bakteri atau virus lainnya.

Bahan filter CoolSafe™: Dihasilkan dari media filter berperforma tinggi yang menggabungkan resistensi pernapasan rendah. Bahan ini melampaui persyaratan uji debu dolomit yang menantang dan melindungi dari partikel padat dan cair (bebas minyak)

Harness kepala VarloFLEX™ dengan EasyStop: Harness kepala loop kontinu ini dibuat dari tali tekstil yang kuat dan tahan sobek.

2. Pelindung mata

Pelindung mata atau google terbuat dari bahan plastik transparan yang berfungsi untuk melindungi mata dari paparan virus yang dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh melalui mata. Alat pelindung ini harus pas menutupi area mata, Pastikan pelindung mata memiliki type N166 agar tidak berkabut atau mengganggu penglihatan.

3. Pelindung wajah

Sama halnya dengan pelindung mata, pelindung wajah juga terbuat dari bahan plastik jernih dan transparan. Jenis APD ini dapat menutupi seluruh area wajah, mulai dari dahi hingga dagu.

Bersama masker dan pelindung mata, pelindung wajah mampu melindungi area wajah dari percikan air liur atau dahak saat pasien COVID-19 batuk atau bersin.

4. Coverall

Sama halnya dengan gaun pelindung, akan tetapi coverall lebih aman menutupi keseluruhan tubuh, penggunaan nya dari kepala hingga ke kaki.

Dalam pemilihan Coverall sangatlah penting dikarenakan jika secara tidak sadar tenaga medis terkena virus di tubuhnya makan akan jadi penyebaran yang fatal, maka dari itu pemilihan coverall harus benar dari segi material dan kesobekan pada coverall maka dari itu harus memperhatikan ISO(The International Organization for Standardization) yang tertera.

Yang harus diperhatikan pada saat memilih coverall ialah ISO dan tahan terhadap apa material dari coverall tersebut, Berikut informasi type dan material yang harus ada dalam coverall :

Type :

TYPE 5 EN ISO 13982-1 Setelan Partikel Kering-Setelan untuk perlindungan terhadap debu

     berbahaya dan partikel kering apa pun.

TYPE 6 EN 13034 setelan semprot berkurang yang menawarkan perlindungan terbatas

      terhadap semprotan ringan bahan kimia cair.

EN 14126 Pakaian pelindung dapat tahan terhadap bahaya biologis dan agen infeksi.

EN 1073-2 Pakaian pelindung terhadap kontaminasi radioaktif partikulat.

EN 1149-5 Pakaian pelindung disipatif elektrostatik dengan resistansi permukaan maksimum

      2,5×10 exp 9 ohm.

DIN 32781 Pakaian pelindung terhadap pestisida.

Perlu di perhatikan type yang harus ada dalam menangani COVID – 19 ialah EN 14126 dikarenakan standar tersebut menetapkan serangkaian persyaratan dan metode pengujian untuk mengukur perlindungan kain terhadap agen infeksi

ISO 16603

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap kontak dengan darah dan cairan tubuh.

Penentuan ketahanan bahan pakaian pelindung terhadap penetrasi oleh darah dan cairan tubuh.

Metode pengujian menggunakan darah sintetis

ISO 16604

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap kontak dengan darah dan cairan tubuh.

Penentuan ketahanan bahan pakaian pelindung terhadap penetrasi patogen yang ditularkan melalui darah.

Metode pengujian menggunakan bakteriofag Phi-X 174

ISO/DIS 22611

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap agen infeksi.

Metode uji ketahanan terhadap penetrasi oleh aerosol yang terkontaminasi secara biologis.

Menentukan penetrasi oleh darah, cairan tubuh, darah, dan aerosol yang terkontaminasi secara biologis

ISO 22612

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap agen infeksi.

Metode uji ketahanan terhadap penetrasi mikroba kering

ISO 22610

Tirai bedah, gaun pelindung dan pakaian udara bersih, digunakan sebagai peralatan medis, untuk pasien, staf klinis, dan peralatan.

Metode pengujian untuk menentukan ketahanan terhadap penetrasi bakteri basah.

menentukan ketahanan penetrasi mikroba kering dan basah

Bahan :

Kain: Film mikropori PPSB dilaminasi

Ritsleting: Nylon pada kepang poliester

Elastis: Karet neoprene (bebas lateks)

Benang: Poliester

ULTITEC 2000 sudah memenuhi keseluruhan dari segi standard dan material, maka dari itu coverall ini sangat disarankan bagi tenaga medis.

Berikut Bundle APD satu Set untuk tenaga medis :

Bundle 1

Bundle 2

5. Sarung tangan medis

Sarung tangan medis digunakan untuk melindungi tangan para petugas medis dari cairan tubuh pasien selama merawat pasien COVID-19. Sarung tangan ini idealnya tidak mudah sobek, aman digunakan, dan ukurannya pas di tangan.

Sarung tangan yang sesuai standar penanganan COVID-19 harus terbuat bahan lateks atau karet, polyvynil chloride (PVC), nitrile, dan polyurethane.

6. Sepatu pelindung

Sepatu pelindung digunakan untuk melindungi bagian kaki petugas medis dari paparan cairan tubuh pasien COVID-19. Sepatu pelindung umumnya terbuat dari karet atau kain yang tahan air dan harus menutup seluruh kaki hingga betis.

Cara pemakaian APD yang baik dan benar :

  1. Petugas kesehatan masuk ke antero room, setelah memakai scrub suit di ruang ganti
  2. Cek APD untuk memastikan APD dalam keadaan baik dan tidak rusak
  3. Lakukan kebersihan tangan dengan sabun atau menggunakan hand sanitizer dengan menggunakan 6 langkah
  4. Kenakan sepatu pelindung (boots). Jika petugas menggunakan sepatu kets atau sepatu lainnya yang tertutup maka petugas menggunakan pelindung sepatu (shoe covers) dengan cara pelindung sepatu dipakai di luar sepatu petugas atau jika coverall tertutup sampai sepatu petugas maka tidak perlu menggunakan pelindung sepatu
  5. Pakai Coverall bersih dengan zipper yang dilapisi kain berada di bagian depan tubuh. Coverall menutupi area kaki sampai leher

dengan baik dengan cara memasukkan bagian kaki terlebih dahulu, pasang bagian lengan dan rapatkan coverall di bagian tubuh dengan menaikkan zipper sampai ke bagian leher, Hood atau pelindung kepala dari coverall dibiarkan terbuka di belakang leher.

  1. Pasang masker n95 kemudian masker bedah dengan cara letakkan masker bedah didepan hidung dan mulut dengan memegang ke dua sisi tali kemudian tali diikat ke belakang.
  2. Pasang hood / pelindung kepala yang sudah ada di coverall dan menutupi seluruh bagian kepala dan telinga dengan baik
  3. Pasang pelindung mata (goggles) rapat menutupi mata
  4. Petugas kesehatan memasang pelindung wajah (face shield) setelah pemasangan pelindung kepala dengan menempatkan bando face shield di atas alis dan pastikan pelindung wajah menutupi seluruh wajah sampai ke dagu.
  5. Lakukan kebersihan tangan dengan menggunakan hand rubs kemudian pasang sarung tangan pendek
  6. Pasang sarung tangan dengan menutupi lengan gaun (sarung tangan panjang)
  7. Pemakaian coverall pada petugas maksimal 3 jam

Petugas sudah siap untuk masuk ke ruang perawatan pasien COVID – 19

Prosedur Penanganan APD Bekas Pakai

Setelah selesai digunakan, APD sekali pakai maupun yang bisa dipakai ulang harus dimasukkan ke dalam kantong plastik khusus dan dikemas secara terpisah.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam penanganan APD bekas pakai:

  • Tidak meletakkan APD bekas pakai secara sembarangan, baik di lantai atau permukaan benda lain, seperti meja, kursi, atau loker.
  • Tidak membongkar kembali APD bekas pakai yang telah dikemas dalam plastik khusus.
  • Tidak mengisi kantong plastik khusus APD bekas pakai terlalu penuh.
  • Bersihkan diri atau mandi setelah menggunakan APD.

Siapa Saja yang Perlu Menggunakan APD?

Penggunaan alat pelindung diri yang telah disebutkan di atas hanya untuk tenaga medis yang merawat dan mengobati pasien terduga atau terkonfirmasi COVID-19, terutama yang berada di rumah sakit.

Selain itu, APD tersebut juga perlu digunakan oleh petugas kebersihan yang membersihkan ruang perawatan dan ruang isolasi pasien COVID-19 di rumah sakit.

 

Sekian dari Artikel ini semoga bermanfaat dan semoga semua tetap dalam keadaan sehat terutama untuk tenaga kerja yang sudah berusaha untuk menyelamatkan nyawa seseorang, Terima Kasih.

HI – Visiblity Clothing, Apa saja peralatan nya?

A. High – visibility clothing.
Bekerja di area dengan penerangan minim dan tingkat visibilitas rendah tentu bisa membahayakan nyawa pekerja. Pemakaian high visibility clothing atau high-visibility safety apparel (HVSA) sangat diperlukan untuk memudahkan pekerja / operator alat berat/ pengemudi kendaraan melihat keberadaan pekerja lain. HVSA sangat penting dipakai terutama jika Anda bekerja di area lalu lintas kendaraan atau area operasi alat berat.

B. Material HI – Visibilty
Bahan fluorescent adalah bahan dasar HVSA yang dibuat menggunakan pigmen khusus agar warna yang dikeluarkan tampak lebih cerah dari warna lainnya. Meski berwarna sama, bahan fluorescent akan tampak lebih terang daripada bahan non-fluorescent, terutama saat berada di area dengan pencahayaan alami (sumber penerangan hanya dari cahaya matahari) yang minim. Bahan ini dapat meningkatkan visibilitas di siang hari, terutama dalam kondisi berawan, kabut, senja, saat terbit matahari, dll.

1. Hi – Visibility clothing coverall
Dari semua jenis workwear (pakaian kerja) yang tersedia, coverall atau overall dapat dikatakan pakaian pelindung yang paling nyaman digunakan para pekerja. Desain one-piece garment dari safety coverall ini memudahkan gerak para pekerja saat melakukan aktivitasnya.
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Clothing Coverall dari Portwest dengan 2 tipe sebagai berikut :

FR-21 Super Light Weight Anti-Static Coverall

A. Flame Resistant FR-21 Super Light Weight Anti-Static Coverall
Coverall ini sangat cocok untuk tuntutan cuaca ekstra hangat dari industri lepas pantai. Dibangun dengan bobot yang lebih ringan, kain kepar tahan api yang sangat inovatif.
Kain Shell : Bizflame Plus, Katun 99%, Serat Karbon 1% 210g
Berat : 1 Kilogram 

B. Fire Retardant Coverall Araflame Silver AF73
Coverall super ringan ini menawarkan perlindungan tahan api yang luar biasa. Kain Araflame lembut dan bernapas tetapi memberikan kekuatan sobek dan tarik yang sangat baik. Ideal untuk berbagai industri termasuk minyak dan gas, petrokimia dan banyak lagi. Fitur coverall termasuk jahitan tiga kali lipat di seluruh, kantong aman dan elastisitas pinggang untuk kemudahan bergerak.

Kain Shell :
Araflame Plus : 93% Meta-aramid, 5% Para-aramid, 2% Serat Karbon 150g
Berat : 1 Kilogram

2. HI – Visibility Jacket
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Jacket dari Portwest dengan desain modern agar pengguna lebih nyaman pada saat cuaca hujan ataupun dingin.
A. Hi-Vis Winter Parka Jacket Yellow/Black PW369 PORTWEST.

Kain Shell : Industri 300D, Poliester 100%, Tenunan Oxford 300D, Dilapisi PU, Finish Tahan Noda 190g
Kain Lapisan : 100% Poliester 60g
Mengisi Kain : 100% Polyester Gumpalan 200g
Berat : 1 Kilogram

Jaket parka musim dingin berinsulasi yang dirancang dengan cermat ini menggabungkan kain poliester Oxford 300D yang tahan lama dengan tampilan yang pas dan bergaya modern. Ideal untuk kondisi cuaca dingin yang ekstrem, jaket ini memberikan insulasi termal yang sangat baik dengan lapisan Insulatex kelas berat. Fitur luar biasa termasuk ritsleting ketiak untuk meningkatkan sirkulasi udara, tudung berinsulasi dengan trim bulu yang dapat dilepas dan pita reflektif HiVisTex Pro.

B. Flame Resistant Jacket Bizweld Iona Jacket Navy Orange PORTWEST BZ13 Portwest.

Flame Resistant Jacket Bizweld Iona Jacket Navy Orange PORTWEST BZ13

Jaket Bizweld Iona ini menawarkan kenyamanan, perlindungan, dan fungsionalitas yang luar biasa. Fitur desain termasuk penutup depan stud tersembunyi, dua saku dada dengan penutup, saku ponsel tersembunyi dan pita reflektif tahan api di bahu dan lengan untuk visibilitas tertinggi.
Kain Shell : Bizweld , 100% Katun, FR Selesai 330g
Berat : 500 Gram

3. Hi – Visibility Rucksack
Selain dari high visibility clothing weldbro juga menyediakan high visibility rucksack (ransel) dari Portwest, dengan adanya high visibility rucksack para pekerja dapat membawa peralatan / barang pribadi memungkinkan tidak menutup retroreflective material (bahan relflektif) dari high visibility clothing atau pun yang tidak menggunakan high visibility clothing.

Hi - Visibility Rucksack

Kain shell : 100% Polyester 600D Fabric 250g
Kain Lapisan : 210T PA 100g
Berat : 800 Gram

Ideal untuk pekerja, pengendara sepeda atau anak sekolah yang menggunakan aksesori yang sangat reflektif agar lebih terlihat oleh pengendara. Dilengkapi dengan saku MP3/ponsel terintegrasi, beberapa saku dan panel belakang empuk untuk kenyamanan. Kain dan pita reflektif memenuhi persyaratan EN ISO 20471.

4. Hi – Visibility Hand Gloves.
Agar pekerja lebih mewaspadai kecelakaan weldbro juga menyediakan high visibility hand gloves dari Portwest, dengan adanya high visibility hand gloves pekerja dapat melambai ke pekerja lainnya agar dapat menandakan posisi dan menghindari terjadinya kecelakaan.



A. Antistatic Agent Antistatic PU Palm Safety General Gloves Portwest.
13g Pylon dan Carbon Fiber shell yang mengalihkan listrik statis. Dilapisi dengan telapak PU yang tahan lama untuk ketangkasan yang sangat baik. Untuk digunakan dalam perakitan elektronik, pengujian dan pekerjaan presisi.

Bahan: Pencelupan Serat Karbon, PU(Poliuretana).
Berat: 300 Gram


B. Sarung Tangan Kerja Putih A122 PU Ultra Safety Glove White Portwest.
Liner nilon yang nyaman dan bernapas, 3/4 dicelupkan ke dalam PU untuk cakupan yang luas. Pencelupan tambahan memberikan persentase perlindungan yang lebih tinggi pada tangan, sekaligus memberikan semua manfaat tambahan dari sarung tangan poliuretan.
Bahan : Poliuretana (PU)
Berat: 200 Gram

C. Mechanic Glove Sarung Tangan General Tergsus Micro A251 Portwest.
Penggunaan serat mikro sintetis, menghasilkan sarung tangan yang ringan dan cekatan namun sangat tahan lama. Bagian belakang katun menghasilkan sirkulasi udara yang luar biasa untuk tangan yang bekerja keras. Manset Hook dan loop memastikan pas dan aman.
Bahan : Kapas
Berat : 300 Gram

D. Anti Siberia Cold Store Glove Grey A750 Portwest.
Dirancang khusus untuk digunakan di lingkungan penyimpanan dingin saat menangani benda kering. 100% tahan air dengan lapisan Insulatex untuk kehangatan. Telapak tangan nitril untuk ketahanan abrasi yang sangat baik. Ramah kulit – Bebas pewarna Chrome dan Azo.
Bahan : Nitrile, Poliester, Insulatex, Tahan Air Selaput
Berat : 560 Gram
Sangat cocok untuk tempat kerja yang di ruang pendingin atau cold store warehouse, dilengkapi dengan standard international yang jelas dan certificate international.

E. safety Mechanical general A700 Portwest.
Sarung tangan berpelukan tangan berkinerja tinggi ini serbaguna dan cocok untuk pekerjaan apa pun. Ringan untuk pemakainya, sarung tangan ini memiliki daya tahan yang terpasang dan fitur jahitan yang diperkuat pada ibu jari untuk kekuatan ekstra dengan penyangga dan perlindungan pergelangan tangan. sarung tangan keselamatan.
Bahan : Elastane (serat sintetis yang terkenal karena elastisitasnya).
Berat : 350 Gram.

F. Impact Cut Resistant Gloves Portwest A722 Grey or Black / Anticut Portwest.
Menggabungkan kenyamanan, cengkeraman, benturan, dan ketahanan potong dalam liner mulus yang nyaman. Polong benturan PVC fleksibel dan selangkangan yang diperkuat untuk daya tahan maksimum. Cocok untuk aplikasi tugas berat.
Bahan : Serat Kaca, HPPE
Dipping : Nitril

5. Peluit Aba aba Industri.
Peluit Industri digunakan untuk sinyal dan ketepatan waktu baik di kereta api dan kapal, dan di pabrik-pabrik. Sebagian besar dari peluit ini adalah bertenaga uap dan tidak standar. Lokomotif secara individu dapat diidentifikasi dengan peluit mereka. Pada siang hari, di kawasan industri sampai ke tahun 1950 peluit setiap lapangan bisa terdengar, sebagai pabrik masing-masing memiliki boiler dan peluit.

Peluit lantang yang bisa di gunakan oleh wasit , tukang parkir, dan banyak lagi.
peluit

Panjang tali kuning : 45cm x 2
Berat : 25 Gram

6. Hi – Visibility Hat
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Hat dari Portwest dengan desain modern agar pengguna lebih nyaman terhadap pandangan dan terik matahari.

Hi vis hat
A. Bump Cap Topi Sepeda Gowes Airtech Portwest Hivis Hat PORTWEST.
Desain inovatif Bump Cap. Ventilasi maksimal berkat jaring samping dan jendela terbuka lebar di cangkang bagian dalam. Desain tekstil modern dengan pipa reflektif untuk visibilitas yang lebih baik. Puncak mid-length membuat bump cap ini cocok untuk semua penggunaan. Ukuran gesper yang dapat disesuaikan.
Bahan : ABS, EVA.
Berat : 500 Gram.

Intinya, pilihlah warna dan bahan yang membuat para pekerja dapat terlihat secara jelas di siang hari atau kondisi pencahayaan minim dan bisa dibedakan dengan mudah dari objek lainnya. Pastikan HVSA yang Anda pilih sesuai dengan standar internasional yang berlaku, salah satunya ANSI/ISEA 107-2015.

Semoga Bermanfaat, Terimakasih.

What is Hydrofluoric Acid?

What is Hydrofluoric Acid?

Hydrofluoric acid (HF), which termed as ‘The Bone Seeker’, has been used in glass etching, rust removal, petroleum refining, tanning and dyeing since mass production in 1931. It has become an indispensable raw material for the semiconductor industry and an important catalyst in the petrochemical process. Depending on its concentration, exposure to HF can cause death.

Where hydrogen fluoride is found and how it is used
  • Hydrogen fluoride is used to make refrigerants, herbicides, pharmaceuticals, high-octane gasoline, aluminum, plastics, electrical components, and fluorescent light bulbs. Sixty percent of the hydrogen fluoride used in manufacturing is for processes to make refrigerants.
  • Hydrogen fluoride is also used for etching glass and metal.
How you could be exposed to hydrogen fluoride
  • In a natural disaster, you could be exposed to high levels of hydrogen fluoride when storage facilities or containers are damaged and the chemical is released. This release could occur at an industrial site or even a retail location.
  • You could be exposed to hydrogen fluoride if it is used as a chemical terrorism agent.
  • If you work in an occupation that uses hydrogen fluoride, you may be exposed to this chemical in the workplace.
  • You may be exposed to hydrogen fluoride as part of a hobby.
How hydrogen fluoride works
  • Hydrogen fluoride goes easily and quickly through the skin and into the tissues in the body. There it damages the cells and causes them to not work properly.
  • The seriousness of poisoning caused by hydrogen fluoride depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the person exposed.
  • Breathing hydrogen fluoride can damage lung tissue and cause swelling and fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
  • Skin contact with hydrogen fluoride may cause severe burns that develop after several hours and form skin ulcers.
What Harm Does Hydrofluoric Acid Cause to the Human Body?

HF is a weak acid but highly toxic and corrosive. The harm to the human body can be divided into the skin, respiratory tract, eye, and digestive tract. The main cause that contributes to a life-threatening situation is still skin exposure. There might be no obvious symptoms at the beginning, but if it is not treated in time, the black necrosis of the affected part must be amputated or even cause death

Find your protective eyewear in our marketplace, I leave the link below :

 4 Things You need to know to protect your eyes

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What Is Hydrofluoric Acid?

Human Centric Lighting

Say it a boon or curse, but due to the modern lifestyle, our indoor stay time has increased rapidly. As we spend 90% of our time indoors, we do not consume the adequate amount of sunlight which is paramount for the human body. The indoor light conditions do not deliver light nutrition that people need to stay healthy. A sunny outdoor day provides 100,000 lux and a cloudy day still provides 10,000 lux. Indoor light levels are not even half of that. This artificial light that we have in our indoor environment (offices, homes, etc.) can throw off our eternal clocks and cause issues with sleep. It can further lead to destructive health consequence i.e. poor circadian synchronization, problems with body clock similar to jet-lag, disturbance of hormonal system, and compromised mood and productivity. This lack of exposure to the sun’s spectrum disturbs the Human Circadian System which is fundamental to our physiology and controls much of our behaviour.

Human Circadian System

“This diagram depicts the typical circadian pattern of a person. Although circadian rhythms tend to be synchronized with cycles of light and dark, other factors such as ambient temperature, lack of sunlight, stress, etc. can influence the rhythm as well.”

The natural variations of sunlight help determine the timing of our internal clock called the circadian rhythm and tell our bodies when to sleep and when to be alert. If our sleep-wake cycle is deregulated, it can affect our immune system, memory, and behaviour. Our health is somewhere suffering in this disconnection between natural light and artificial light. Though we cannot cut short our indoor stay time, but by replacing the conventional lighting solutions with human-centric lighting we can surely make a big difference.

Benefits of Human Centric Lighting

Light affects our vision, body, and emotions. Human Centric Lighting enhances human performance, comfort, health, and well-being by balancing visual, emotional, and biological benefits of lighting for humans. It also improves alertness and concentration during learning by providing a better light environment. Lighting systems that give higher light intensities and colour temperature at the right time can help to improve the duration of sleep and quality of sleep and thus improve learning effects.

  • Maximizes the concentration and energy.
  • Improves work performance and productivity.
  • Increases employee motivation and commitment.
  • Assures health safety in the indoor environment.
  • Improves circadian rhythm and quality of sleep.
  • Biorhythm adjustments for night shift workers.
  • Increases emotional stability and lowers the rate of depression.

Human Centric Lighting should be implemented across various sectors to ensure the well-being and performance of people at a maximum rate.

  • Education Sector

Schools are an excellent location for tuneable white light features. It doesn’t matter if the person is an elementary scholar or a teacher, both can leverage the benefit from an optimized lighting environment in a direct or indirect way. Human Centric Lighting can be used to improve alertness during tests and concentration tasks. The teacher may switch on an intensive, cool white light during these activities, or a warm white dimmed light for relaxation and group talk.

  • Healthcare Sector

Healthcare environments (operation rooms, recovery rooms, intensive care rooms, etc.) are well suited to implement Human Centric Lighting. To improve the conditions for patients, nurses, and surgeons, HCL should be implemented because it dives the room in different lighting zones depending on the tasks. This results in less strain on the eyes, less fatigue, and improved quality.

  • Residential Sector

Incorporating HCL in residential areas can prevent mood fluctuations, depressions, and stabilizes the circadian rhythm. The emotional and physical well-being can be improved because of restful nights in better environments. The residents can feel more relaxed with fewer headaches and less tired eyes.

  • Offices Sector

Corporate areas are excellent places to implement Human Centric Lighting as it can bring energy and motivation to employees. For countries with little daylight, HCL solutions may reduce seasonal depressions and other emotional disorders. Workplace lighting, in addition to providing enough light to conduct work-related visual tasks, can also improve employees’ alertness, mood, cognition, sleep-wake pattern, and health.

It is important to understand how light can impact the occupants’ health, productivity, and overall potential. With the range of modern lights options available (LEDs, tuneable white lights, etc.), establishing a safe and healthy space is easier than ever. They are also energy-efficient and easy to control with advanced control systems. Human Centric Lighting promotes smart and connected lighting systems that can create endless possibilities with better user control.

LED solutions from Panasonic helps customers across all the sectors to achieve the right balance of lighting solutions. It has helped millions worldwide with the energy-efficient and cost-effective Human Centric Lighting solutions. It offers an amazing array of LED lights – panel lights, ceiling lights, spotlights, etc. and trusted by homeowners, large corporations, hospitals, hotels, institutions, administrations, etc. for their lighting requirements.

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The Rules When You Use Scaffolding

Many types of construction projects use scaffolding, but how do you know when you need scafolding? And what indicators mean that need scaffolding as part of your project? There are many factors to consider when deciding if the job requires scaffolding.

1) What are the Rules?

In most cases, health and safety guidelines advise that if you have more than four people working at height, then a proper risk assessment needs to be carried out. The conclusion of such a risk assessment will usually be that the safest way to carry out the job is with scaffolding. A good scaffolder will erect a safe scaffold structure for buildings and structures of any shape, size and dimension to ensure a safe fit for all tradesmen who will be working on the structure.

As per the HSE website, those with duties under the regulations must ensure that:

    • All work at height is properly planned and organised
    • Those involved in work at height are competent
    • The risks from work at height are assessed, and appropriate work equipment is selected and used
    • The risks of working on or near fragile surfaces are properly managed
    • The equipment used for work at height is properly inspected and maintained
2) How Big is the Job?

Scaffolding can seem surplus to requirement for small ‘one-man’ jobs, so in these cases, many people use a safely-secured ladder. However, ladders can only be used for low-risk, short duration work, and sometimes a ladder doesn’t give you full access to the entire roof and so the job only gets partly done. It’s important to remember that scaffolding is not only designed to keep those working at height safe, but also those on the ground. If there is any risk of tools or materials falling from the roof, then scaffolding with an edge fitted around the platform is essential to retain a safe working environment for all your workforce.

3) How Long Will the Job Take?

Scaffolding is advised in cases where the project involves working at height for more than three days, and also where weather is looking temperamental. Cornwall is notorious for its sudden weather changes so it’s crucial to retain a safe working environment by installing a temporary roof or scaffolding structure to maintain optimum safety for your project.

4 ) The Activities Requires Scaffolding
Scaffolding for Home Improvements

When a homeowner or landlord decides that they want to extend their kitchen, convert their loft or replace their rundown roof, more often than not they will require scaffolding to be erected in order for the work to be completed.
Construction workers may need access tower to reach the roof, or work platforms to make their job more comfortable and to get the work completed a lot quicker.

Scaffolding for Painters and Decorators

Painters can be expected to work at substantial heights for their job which means that scaffolding is important for keeping them safe and providing a secure work platform. They need to be able to place their tools and equipment by them as they work and move around the site with ease and safe access to all areas of the building.

Scaffolding for Building Repairs

When maintenance work is being carried out on a building (typically this is the gutter or roof), there is an increased risk of injury due to the faults that are being repaired. This could be surfaces that are not stable, tiles that are loose and structures that are at risk of falling. Hence, scaffolding can help reduce these risks by providing a safe surface and area for work to be carried out.

Scaffolding for Window Cleaners

Cleaning windows of larger commercial buildings, such as office blocks, hotels and retail stores, will require more than a ladder. Windows can often be found as high as twenty storeys and puts window cleaners at risk of falling from a fatal height. Scaffolding is one way of ensuring their safety and enabling them to carry out their job with ease and comfort.

Scaffolding for Building Inspections

Building inspections include checking the credibility and safety of buildings and structures. This inspection requires safety equipment to be installed such as scaffolding since it often involves reviewing the infrastructure’s various parts that can be located hundreds of metres above the ground. Additionally, you have to remember that the scaffold installed should adhere to safety standards.

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If You Working At Height, Musread this!

Working at height is one of the most dangerous workplace activities. It presents a variety of different hazards for workers that would not typically be found when working at ground level and it has an increased probability of death or permanent physical injury due to its very nature. Therefore, it is so important to ensure that a thorough risk assessment is conducted before any work at height is carried out and that all workers are trained so that they can work safely. Identifying the potential hazards that workers may face is the first step in protecting them.

Stability of work platform/roof

When working at height there will be a work platform of some sort involved and many times this may be the roof of a building or some scaffolding. As long as the scaffolding undergoes a comprehensive and regular inspections. This means using a reputable scaffolding hire company and scheduling weekly scaffold inspections.

When work is being completed on a roof, it is often because it needs repairing or replacing. which means that the surface is likely to be fragile and not very sturdy or secure. Falling through or off a roof is a common accident on construction sites. so you need to use of specialized equipment such as roof ladders and supported crawling boards to reduce the risk.

Weather

Though weather itself is beyond our control and often unpredictable, it is necessary to be prepared for rain, snow, ice and any other extreme conditions that may present itself.

Rain and ice can create slippery surfaces, strong winds can dislodge materials and even workers themselves and heatwaves. Can cause heatstroke and dizziness putting workers at risk of collapsing and falling from a height.

Workers can adapt to these changing weather conditions by implementing the appropriate precautionary measures when needed. For example, in extreme heat they should keep themselves hydrated. If in strong winds they should carry out initial checks of their equipment and materials to ensure it can withstand the conditions.

Distance of potential falls

It is necessary to be aware of the distance at which work is being carried out. How injury from a trip, slip or fall can be prevented or greatly reduced should an accident happen. Once assessed, you may find it appropriate to provide workers with PPE.  Such as a fall arrest system to keep them safe and secure should they fall when working at height.

Objects falling from height

It isn’t just the workers carrying out the work at height who are at risk, but anyone in the vicinity working or passing by below is in danger. Materials or equipment that is being used at height has the potential to fall and strike someone below which can cause irreversible damage.

To prevent an accident such as this, ensure that workers understand how to stack and store items at height to avoid them from being knocked/falling over. The working platform may also require guardrails or toe boards to completely prevent objects from slipping over the edge and you may even need to set up restrictions on the ground below so that no one passes by the area.

Safety Tips for Working At Height

Some sure-fire safety tips to keep in mind when working at height:

  • Set up railings correctly and ensure that safety belts/harnesses are connected properly.
  • Check your equipment still functions effectively before using it at height as malfunctions from a distance can be fatal.
  • Use the correct equipment for the job – this means having the correct size and type of ladder and using crawl boards, lifts or scaffold when required.
  • Use ladders properly – many workers still use ladders wrong when working at height, remember that at least one hand or three limbs should always be on your ladder .
  • Understand your roofing regulations – these are often misunderstood by many workers, so it is best to brush up on them before working on roofs at height.
  • Signage – make sure that safety signs and posters are present and clearly visible to remind workers of the safety precautions they are required to take on the site.

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How Far Do You Know?

The things you should know about your torque wrench

Torque wrenches are common place across a variety of industrial processes, commercial garages and even homes. Wherever there is a precision assembly process utilizing threaded fasteners. Considering their widespread use however, there remains a number of things that people get wrong or simply don’t know.

Here Philip Brodey at Norbar Torque Tools highlights the top ten things to consider:

  • Storing your torque wrench

When a torque wrench is in regular use it does not need to be wound back. However, when storing a torque wrench for an extended period of time, users should always wind it down to the minimum scale setting and never to zero. A fully loaded torque wrench, left in storage for a long period, can cause a set in the spring, causing it to weaken over time. On the other end of the scale, by completely off-loading the spring, other components within the wrench may move fractionally relative to each other. When you reapply spring compression the orientation of these components can change, therefore affecting accuracy. All in all, it is better to leave a bit of compression in the spring while in storage.

  • For accurate results, one click is enough

Users often allow torque wrenches to click multiple times, without being aware of the additional torque being applied to the bolts. Operate your torque wrench in a smooth and steady manner and remember that one click is enough.

  • Using your wrench on an anticlockwise thread

Many torque wrenches will only indicate in the clockwise direction. Therefore, it is necessary for users to always check the wrench’s specification before using it.  on an anti-clockwise thread to ensure the tool is suitable and, prevent a loss of torque control. Examples of left-hand threads include the left-hand wheel nuts of certain vehicles and the left pedal of bicycles.

  • Converting between torque units

Converting torque units can be tricky but is a very precise process. To help users calculate units easily, they can turn to Norbar’ s calculator app available on IOS and Android. Alternatively, the calculator is also available online at https://www.norbar.com/Home/Torque-Unit-Converter.

  • Adjusting your torque wrench

Equipment manufacturers will always provide the required torque for any given piece of equipment and so when adjusting your torque wrench, it is important to ensure that these levels are met. Remember to always adjust the wrench up the scale to the required torque figure to ensure accurate setting.

  • Using marked loading points for accurate results

Most torque wrenches are length dependent and feature a marked loading point on the handle but, many people don’t use it. For accurate results, most torque wrenches have to be operated with your hand centred over the marked load point. It is also essential that this load point is observed when it comes to calibrating the torque wrench.

  • Using torque wrenches for undoing

So long as users operate with caution and do not exceed the maximum torque, most torque wrenches can be used for undoing. However, if the bolt will not free within the maximum torque of the wrench, another tool should be used instead. By exceeding the maximum torque limit during a bolt loosening you can affect the wrench accuracy, causing problems for future use. If in any doubt, use another tool for loosening bolts.

  • Adding extensions to the torque wrench handle

Users should never put a pipe or any other kind of extension onto a torque wrench handle as doing so can seriously damage the tool and make it inaccurate, never mind the potential safety hazard.

  • Locking it in

It can be all too easy to accidentally adjust the settings of a wrench during use so, if your torque wrench is fitted with an adjustment lock, you should always apply it before operating the wrench in order to avoid any unintended changes.

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Ready for Work

Image result for ready for work

Coming into work healthy and in the right mindset every day is just as important as being properly trained or having the right tool for the job. Many factors, both on and off the job, affect how well or poorly we do our jobs on any given day. Some of the factors we will cover are sickness, fatigue, medication, and stress.

Sickness– We all get sick from time to time. Some illnesses are minor and work can continue, but others we need to stay home to get better before coming to work. When you are sick you may not be able perform your duties as needed and this can put yourself or others at risk for an injury. Know when it is time to stay home due to an illness. During flu season especially, it is important that you do not come to work and infect others. Not only are you not able to work to your fullest ability you also affect others being able to work due to being infected with your illness.

Fatigue– Fatigue is a killer on jobsites all across the country. Many employees work over the normal 40 hours a week. Add on the demands of home life and there are many people who are probably too tired to safely perform their functions. Get at least six hours of sleep a night and eat a balanced diet to help combat the demands of a busy life. Drink caffeinated drinks or take a break and stretch when feeling tired on the job.

Medication– Many medications affect how we feel. When starting a new medication it is important to try it off the job to see how it affects you. Ask your doctor about all of the side effects. Make sure he or she understands the work you do as well as any other medications you take. Let a supervisor know if you are not feeling well due to a medication. If you feel comfortable telling a coworker about what medication you are taking, let him or her know so they can keep an eye on you.

Stress– There is good stress as well as bad stress. We are more familiar with the bad stress. Stress from work demands, home demands, family problems, health problems, etc. affect us every day. A combination of high expectations for productivity and limited resources to complete work often leads to high stress levels on the job. It is important to be able to handle stress in a constructive way. Exercising or taking time to enjoy hobbies is a good way to relieve stress. Recognize when you are stressed and step away from the situation to take time to relax.

Summary
Whether it is sickness, fatigue, medication, or stress affecting you in a negative manner at work it is important to speak up and address the problem. When “simple fixes” are not enough to correct a health related issue it is important to let a supervisor know and cease the work task. Address the problem at its source to ensure you can continue to work productively and safely.

Increased Focus on Safety Research

WHY EMPLOYERS SHOULD UTILIZE OSHA SEARCH TRENDS FROM GOOGLE TRENDS

The keyword “OSHA” peaks in January and February, and it’s easy to see why. After all, employers have New Year’s Resolutions of their own that place quite the emphasis on workplace safety!
What is the purpose of this trend discussion? One of the main elements of OSHA’s safety measures is to maintain a strict focus on safety…year round. It’s easy to see why searches tail off into the dog days of summer, as the “New Year, fresh start” mantra has worn off. But at the very least, it may not be tailing off quite as much with each passing year.
We can also assume that the searches incorporate a combination of curious employers and employees eager to read up on standards. Oh and, a few individuals looking to catch up on the news – OSHA citations are still common unfortunately!

 

HOW ARE THE SAFETY TREND LINES DISPLAYED?

The numbers on the left of the graph, from 0-100, show the term’s popularity. “100” is the peak popularity of the term throughout the year. “50” means that, at the given point, the term was HALF as popular as it was at its peak. With that in mind, let’s see the year-by-year comparison from New Year’s Day 2014 through February 11, 2018:
(Google Trends)
The date may be a little clustered, but the trends appear largely steady for each given month. The absolute peak came from January 29 – February 4, 2017. The next closest mark? A 99 very recently: January 28 – February 3, 2018.
How will the trend line look in 2018? With the new OSHA general industry and maritime rule enforcement for respirable crystalline silica coming on June 23, it sure feels like this summer will have a bigger focus on OSHA!

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Five Reasons to Work Safe Today

take safety homeFive Reasons to Work Safe Today (Safety Talk)

We all have different reasons for why we choose to do certain things and why we may not choose to do others. When it comes to working safely we should all want to choose to make the right decision. We all are different in the way we think, but there are many common reasons why we should choose to work safe. No matter what your motivator may be keep these five reasons in mind as to why we should all strive to should work safe.

Five Reasons to Work Safe

  1. Your health. Obviously your health and well-being should be the biggest motivator as to why you should choose to work safe. Once we lose our health or impact it severely, it may never be the same. It is important to really think about how a severe injury would change the rest of your life.
  2. Providing for your family. Your family depends on your ability to earn an income. When you are injured or ill you can lose that ability very quickly. Even if it is only for a short time the financial and emotional effects on your family can be drastic.
  3. Your reputation. While productive employees are still very much rewarded at many companies, working safely is often recognized right along with production. Your reputation at work not only affects you in your current position, but it also can affect getting a future promotion at your company or opportunities at other companies. No one wants to reward a risk taker or put them in a position of power. If it is known that you are a worker that cuts corners or does not work safely it could make all the difference in whether or not you get the chance at a better opportunity.
  4. Your coworkers. Making the choice to take a shortcutcan not only harm yourself, but you can also harm a fellow coworker. Everyone’s safety on the job depends on not only on their own choices but the choices of all the workers there.
  5. Your company. Whether you love the company you work for or not, the job they provide you with pays your bills. Working safely allows business to continue thus providing the opportunity for you to continue to pay your bills as well as your fellow coworkers to do the same.