EN 14126 Certified Protective Clothing Against COVID-19

What is COVID-19

The latest global pandemic, is a coronavirus disease that causes respiratory illness that can spread quickly from human to human. The latest outbreak of COVID-19 caused about 7,000 confirmed cases in China in the first month (January 2020,  Situation report). Following with another 80,000 confirmed worldwide in the second month (February 2020,  Situation report).

Difference between COVID-19, MERS and SARS

Coronaviruses are a wide family of viruses that cause disease, often in animals. However, forms of coronaviruses can cause disease in humans, and 3 of these can cause significant outbreaks of deadly pneumonia:

  • COVID-19 – It is an infectious disease caused by the most recently identified coronaviruses. The “SARS-CoV-2 virus” is a novel coronavirus that was first identified in Wuhan, China at the end of  2019 as a disease with extreme acute respiratory syndrome that actively spread worldwide in 2020.
  • MERS – The Middle East respiratory syndrome is a viral respiratory disease caused by coronavirus. The virus “MERS-CoV” was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
  • SARS – The virus “SARS-CoV” was reported in 2002 as the cause of an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

According to figures from the World Health Organization (WHO), SARS and MERS took years to spread and killed more than 800 people. Yet COVID-19  took just 3 months to spread around the world, causing about 115,000 deaths worldwide. Such high numbers that have occurred in a short time can cause the local medical resource to crash.

How to ensure protection level sufficient for healthcare personnel

According to WHO guidelines, the virus can spread directly when a case of COVID-19 coughs or exhales droplets that touch the nose, mouth or eyes of another person. Keep your hands clean and cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing is vital for public health. Yet it’s another matter for healthcare services.

In order to prevent mass infection in healthcare facilities, infected patients need to remain in a controlled environment, namely negative pressure isolation room. Frontline operators need to wear a complete range of isolation equipment, like face shield, N95 respirator, coverall, gloves, boot covers, etc. according to WHO Disease Commodity Packages (DCPs) of COVID-19, or CDC Coronavirus Disease Infection Control.

Is it enough if wear all the equipment suggested? Typically, environmental variables are under-controlled in a healthcare facility. Normally, biological threats come from a few directions, usually from the lower front, since the patient can sit or lie down on the bed. Protective equipment used in the medical industry, such as isolation gown, is intended to avoid front contamination only. But the region above or below the chest is exposed and can cause possible hazards. Once it comes to coronavirus disease, such as COVID-19, protection for the human body is not enough.

In order to get an appropriate protection, coverall is a safer choice when dealing with disease prevention, such as COVID-19. Coverall has a one-piece hood, gloves, body cover and pants that eliminates all gaps in the collar, chest, legs and back section. These will have 360 degrees of protection for healthcare personnel.

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The Differences Between Protective Clothing and Gown

What Face Shields Do?

What Face Shield Do?

We talk a lot about eye safety and eye protection when dealing with hazards like sparks, debris, or splashing chemicals, and focus on safety glasses and goggles as an important part of our personal protective equipment (PPE).  Our eyes are easily damaged, and becoming blinded from a work injury has significant repercussions for the injured employee.

On protecting our eyes, let’s not lose sight of the fact that more than just our eyes need to be protected. Many tasks require the use of face shields too.

They provide additional protection for our eyes, and also the rest of our face as well. With that said, there are some things that we need to understand about what face shields can and cannot do.

When properly used as part of a workplace injury prevention program, face shields provide additional protection against some impact hazards, or things flying into our faces.

Pay attention to the word ‘additional,’ though; when used, OSHA does not consider face shields to be enough   protection for impact hazards like flying fragments or objects, large chips, or particles.

To protect an employee from those hazards, a face shield must be used with safety glasses or safety goggles. That’s right – 2 layers of protection. And if you think about it, it seems reasonable – the face shield can slow or even stop a flying hazard before it even reaches your glasses, which are within an inch of your eye. That’s a little close for comfort.

A big part of why a face shield isn’t enough on its own, though, is that it doesn’t sit as close to your face or eyes, and so there is still potential for something to fly under the shield and injure your eyes. When combined with safety glasses or goggles, a face shield provides an important additional layer of protection not just for your eyes, but also protects the rest of your face from burns, cuts, or even exposures to toxic or caustic chemicals.

Selecting Face Shields

Like other PPE, we need to select the right face shield for the task at hand. To do that, we need to understand what kind of protection is required, and how it will interact with other required PPE used for workplace injury prevention.

One of the most important decisions comes down to selecting the right type of window (also called a visor) on the face shield. Many are available in different types of plastic or plastic-like materials. These often provide excellent visibility for the worker, are usually lightweight (reducing the strain on the worker’s head and neck), and can even be ANSI rated for impact protection.

The materials don’t all function the same, though. Some of these materials are more scratch resistant than others. Some provide adequate protection against specific chemical exposures, whereas others may provide none, or worse, might interact with specific chemicals in dangerous ways.

Keep that in mind when selecting face shields to protect against chemical splashes, and make sure to consult your safety data sheets for the chemicals that you use to make sure that your face shields are made of the right materials.

Plastic or plastic-like materials aren’t necessary, or even ideal, for all tasks though. Steel and nylon mesh windows are also available, protecting workers against impacts from larger objects. They won’t provide the same level of protection against dusts, fumes, and vapors, though, as they do not form a solid shield, allowing dusts and vapors to pass through the mesh. That same mesh design allows for even greater airflow for the worker, which can be particularly useful when working outside in the heat.

Other required PPE can also affect what types of face shields are appropriate. One common type is attaches to hard hats, allowing employees to  wear adequate head protection. When hard hats are not required, face shields are also available as adjustable headgear.

What is Corona Virus

Now, the world is being horrendous with a disease caused by the corona virus.

Everyone is busy looking for masks, hand sanitizers and other protective devices in order to protect themselves from the virus.

Before this action, it better for us to find out about what is the corona virus.

Corona viruses are a family of viruses known for containing strains that cause potentially deadly diseases in mammals and birds. In humans they’re typically spread via airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals. Some rare but notable strains, including Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV), and those responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), can cause death in humans.

First described in detail in the 1960s, the coronavirus gets its name from a distinctive corona or that projects from the envelope surrounding the particle. Encoding the virus’s make-up is the longest genome of any RNA-based virus – a single strand of nucleic acid roughly 26,000 to 32,000 bases long.

There are four known genuses in the family, named AlphacoronavirusBetacoronavirusGammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronavirus. The first two only infect mammals, including bats, pigs, cats, and humans. Gammacoronavirus mostly infects birds such as poultry, while Deltacoronavirus can infect both birds and mammals.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

What are the symptoms of a coronavirus?

Unlike MERS and SARS, the Wuhan coronavirus is usually fairly mild. It can take longer for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include:

  • A mild cough.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • A runny nose.
  • A sore throat.
  • A headache.
  • A fever.

So far, only 15 to 20% of cases have become severe. Those with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. So far, only people 40 years old and older have developed the Wuhan coronavirus infection.

What causes a coronavirus?

Humans first get a coronavirus from contact with animals.  Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials do not know what animal caused the Wuhan coronavirus. The Wuhan coronavirus can be spread when one human comes into contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids, such as droplets in a cough.  It might also be caused by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes.

How is a coronavirus diagnosed?

If you believe you may have a coronavirus, you should see your doctor immediately. Before just showing up to your doctor’s office, alert your doctor that you’re coming and why. This will allow the office to prepare and perhaps isolate patients to prevent the spread of infection. To diagnose you, your doctor will run tests to rule out other common infections.

 

4 Things You need to know to protect your eyes

4 things you need to know to protect your eyes from injury:

  1. Know the eye safety dangers at your work.
  2. Eliminate hazards before starting work by using machine, or other engineering controls.
  3. Use proper eyes protection.
  4. Keep your safety eyewear in good condition and have it replaced if it becomes damaged.

Selection of protective eyewear appropriate for a given task should be made based on a hazard assessment of each activity. Types of eye protection include:

  • Non-prescription and prescription safety glasses

     — Although safety glasses may look like normal dress eyewear, they are designed to provide significantly more eye protection. They have lenses and frames that are much stronger than regular eyeglasses. Safety glasses must meet standards of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Look for the Z87 mark on the lens or frame. Safety glasses provide eye protection for general working conditions where there may be dust, chips or flying particles. Additional side protection can be provided by the use of side shields and wraparound-style safety glasses. Safety lenses are available in glass, plastic, polycarbonate and Trivex™ materials. While all four types must meet or exceed the minimum requirements for protecting your eyes, polycarbonate lenses provide the highest level of protection from impact.

  • Goggles 

    — Goggles provide impact, dust and chemical splash protection. Like safety glasses, safety goggles are highly impact resistant. In addition, they provide a secure shield around the entire eye and protect against hazards coming from any direction. Goggles can be worn over prescription glasses and contact lenses to provide protection from flying objects and chemical splashes and in dusty environments.

  • Face shields and helmets

     — Full face shields are used to protect workers exposed to chemicals, heat, or bloodborne pathogens. Helmets are used for welding or working with molten materials. Face shields and helmets should not be used as the sole means of protective eyewear. They need to be used in conjunction with safety glasses or goggles. Wearing safety glasses or goggles under face shields also provides protection when the shield is lifted.

  • Special protection 

    — Other types of protection, such as helmets or goggles with special filters to protect the eyes from optical radiation exposure, should be used for tasks such as welding or working with lasers.

One way to ensure that safety glasses provide adequate protection is to be sure they fit properly. Also, eye protection devices must be properly maintained. Scratched and dirty devices reduce vision, cause glare and may contribute to accidents.

Protective eyewear works best when you know how to use it properly. Combined with machine guards, screened or divided work stations, and other engineering controls, using the correct protective eyewear can help keep you safe from any type of eye hazard.

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Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing

Chemical Agents: Facts About Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing

Some kinds of chemical accidents or attacks may cause you to come in contact with dangerous chemicals. Coming in contact with a dangerous chemical may make it necessary.  For you to remove and dispose of your clothing right away and then wash yourself. Removing your clothing and washing your body will reduce or remove the chemical so that it is no longer hazard. This process is called decontamination.

People are decontaminated for two primary reasons:

  1. to prevent the chemical from being further absorbed by their body or from spreading on their body.
  2. to prevent the chemical from spreading to other people, including medical personnel. Who must handle or who might come in contact with the person who is contaminated with the chemical.

Most chemical agents can penetrate clothing and are absorbed rapidly through the skin. Therefore, the most important and most effective decontamination for any chemical exposure is decontamination done within the first minute or two after exposure.

How to know if you need to wash yourself and dispose of your clothing.

In most cases, emergency coordinators will let you know if a dangerous chemical has been released.

In general, contact exposure to a chemical in its liquid or solid form may require you to remove your clothing. Then thoroughly wash your exposed skin. Exposure to a chemical in its vapor (gas) form generally requires you only to remove your clothing and the source of the toxic vapor.

If you think you have been exposed to a chemical release, but you have not heard from emergency coordinators, you can follow the washing and clothing disposal advice in the next section.

What to do

Act quickly and follow the instructions of local emergency coordinators. Every situation can be different, so local emergency coordinators might have special instructions for you to follow. The three most important things to do if you think you may have been exposed to a dangerous chemical are to (1) quickly remove your clothing, (2) wash yourself, and (3) dispose of your clothing. Here’s how:

  • Removing your clothing:
    • Quickly take off clothing that has a chemical on it. Any clothing that has to be pulled over your head should be cut off instead of being pulled over your head.
    • If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas of clothing, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible.
  • Washing yourself:
    • As quickly as possible, wash any chemicals from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. Washing with soap and water will help protect you from any chemicals on your body.
    • If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. If you wear contacts, remove them and put them with the contaminated clothing. Do not put the contacts back in your eyes (even if they are not disposable contacts). If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them.
  • Disposing of your clothes:
    • After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. If you can’t avoid touching contaminated areas, or you aren’t sure where the contaminated areas are, wear rubber gloves or put the clothing in the bag using tongs, tool handles, sticks, or similar objects. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. If you wear contacts, put them in the plastic bag, too.
    • Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes.
    • When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. Do not handle the plastic bags yourself.

After you have removed your clothing, washed yourself, and disposed of your clothing, you should dress in clothing that is not contaminated. Clothing that has been stored in drawers or closets is unlikely to be contaminated, so it would be a good choice for you to wear.

You should avoid coming in contact with other people who may have been exposed but who have not yet changed their clothes or washed. Move away from the area where the chemical was released when emergency coordinators tell you to do so.

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Is PPE important?

As an employer, you are in charge of a safe and healthy working environment for your employees. You are familiar with the safety risks within your sector, as well as the measures you can take to counteract these risks.

What is Personal Protective Equipment ( PPE ) ?

PPE means personal protective equipment or equipment you use to guarantee your (own) safety. Use PPE always and anywhere where necessary. Observe the instructions for use, maintain them well and check regularly if they still offer sufficient protection.

Why is PPE important?

PPE is needed in these cases to reduce the risk. Making the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly. Even where engineering controls and safe systems of work have been applied, some hazards might remain. These include injuries to:

  • the lungs, eg from breathing in contaminated air
  • the head and feet, eg from falling materials
  • the eyes, eg from flying particles or splashes of corrosive liquids
  • the skin, eg from contact with corrosive materials
  • the body, eg from extremes of heat or cold

1. Safety for The Head

Wearing a helmet offers protection and can prevent head injuries. Select a sturdy helmet that is adapted to the working conditions. These days you can find many elegant designs and you can choose extra options such as an adjustable interior harness and comfortable sweatbands.

2. Protect Your Eyes

The eyes are the most complex and fragile parts of our body. Each day, more than 600 people worldwide sustain eye injuries during their work. Thanks to a good pair of safety glasses, these injuries could be prevented. Do you come into contact with bright light or infrared radiation? Then welding goggles or a shield offer the ideal protection!

3. Hearing Protection

Do you work in an environment with high sound levels? In that case it is very important to consider hearing protection. Earplugsare very comfortable, but earmuffs are convenient on the work floor as you can quickly put these on or take them off.

4. Maintain a Good Respiration

Wearing a mask at work is no luxury, definitely not when coming into contact with hazardous materials. 15% of the employees within the EU inhale vapours, smoke, powder or dusk while performing their job. Dust masks offer protection against fine dust and other dangerous particles. If the materials are truly toxic, use a full-face mask. This adheres tightly to the face, to protect the nose and mouth against harmful pollution.

5. Protect Your Hands with Right Gloves.

Hands and fingers are often injured, so it is vital to protect them properly. Depending on the sector you work in, you can choose from gloves for different applications:

  • protection against vibrations
  • protection against cuts by sharp materials
  • protection against cold or heat
  • protection against bacteriological risks
  • protection against splashes from diluted chemicals.

6. Protection for The Feet

Even your feet need solid protection. Safety shoes (type Sb, S1, S2 or S3) and boots (type S4 or S5) are the ideal solution to protect the feet against heavy weights. An antiskid sole is useful when working in a damp environment, definitely if you know that 16,2% of all industrial accidents are caused by tripping or sliding. On slippery surfaces, such as snow and ice, shoe claws are recommended. Special socks can provide extra comfort.

7. Wear The Correct Work Clothing

Preventing accidents is crucial in a crowded workshop. That is why a good visibility at work is a must a high-visibility jacket and pants made of a strong fabric can help prevent accidents. Just like the hand protection, there are versions for different applications.

Hand Injury and Prevention Safety Talk

We use our hands for do every task we do at work and because of this they are commonly injured on the job. Keeping our hands and fingers out of harm’s way at work is critical. A serious injury to an individual’s hands or fingers results in a huge negative impact on their ability to work and overall quality of life. While gloves are the most common form of PPE found in the workplace, hand injuries are still the second leading type of injury on the job.

Hand Injury Statistics 

  • There are 110,000 lost time cases due to hand injuries annually.
  • 1 million workers are treated in an ER for hand injuries annually.
  • 70% of workers who experienced a hand injury were not wearing gloves.
  • Another 30% of victims had gloves on, but they were damaged or inadequate for the work task.

Three Common Types of Hand Injuries

  1. Lacerations are the most common type of hand injuries. Lacerations are due to sharp objects or tools. Often hand injury and preventioninadequate gloves are used during an activity that involves a sharp tool. A glove with Kevlar is effective in protecting the hand against a cutting or slicing motion. A straight stab motion can still easily penetrate these gloves. Caution needs to be used when using any tool that can easily penetrate the skin.
  2. Crush injuries are usually due to employees placing their hands in the line of fire between two objects or in a rotating piece of equipment. 
  3. Fractures occur when there is a sudden blow to the bones in the fingers or hands. Motor vehicle accidents often cause fractures to the hands. Another common cause of fractures is an individual extending out their hands to catch themselves from a fall.

Safe Work Practices

  • Use tools to remove your hands from the line of fire when doing a work task that could result injury to your hands or fingers. Using tools such as push sticks when using a table saw is an example that removes your hands from the line of fire.
  • Avoid using fixed open blade knives. There are safety knives that limit the length of the blade exposed. They also have a safety feature that retracts the blade when pressure is let off the handle or switch that controls the blade.
  • Never put your hand in an area where you cannot see it.
  • Always wear the proper gloves for whatever work task you are doing. Understand the limitations of your gloves and what work tasks they are appropriate for.
  • Never work on an energized piece of equipment. Lock and tag out the equipment to ensure there will not be unintentional start up while you are working on the equipment.

FIRE PROTECTIVE GEAR

Each year, you spend time, effort and money on training, and you gain experience. Over time, you enhance your skills and evolve as a firefighter.

At PT.Weldbro International, we think your firefighter gear should evolve as well. That’s why we offer models and styles of turnouts, boots, helmets and firefighter accessories and we deliver more innovation in our PPE product lines. We are actively raising the bar on firefighting technologies, from the enhanced comfort and mobility of ergonomically-designed turnout coat and pants patterns to our innovative moisture management technologies for improved safety. We also offer footwear designed to deliver exceptional comfort, safety and durability, as well as PPE cleaning and repair services that ensure your gear is safe while reducing replacement costs.

The hazards you face are constantly changing. That’s why PT. Weldbro International continue to uphold tradition of providing the finest quality fire safety gear available on the market today. We are committed to the ongoing delivery of PPE innovations that improve your health, safety and performance in the line of duty. Try our gear on for size and feel the difference for yourself.

The Standard PPE List

If you are new to a business, or are just starting out, you might not know what you should be offering as part of this responsibility. The standard personal protective equipment list that ensures you are meeting the needs of your staff, and the legal requirements expected of you as an employer. Read on to find out more.

What is PPE?

Personal protective equipment is the first level of protection against injury or illness in the workplace.

What are the laws on personal protective equipment?

The expectation set for employers about PPE is dictated by Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, a law responsible for ensuring the workplace health and safety for employees.

Appropriate training in the use of the equipment should be given, and employees should have free and easy access to the products they need. 

List of personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment refers to products that will protect the user (or wearer) from the health and safety risks posed in the workplace.

Based on this, the PPE you need to introduce into your workplace depends on the hazards posed there. Here we have listed some the most common types of PPE, and the hazards that they can be used to combat.

                                                                                                                                                                   

Head protection

Products include: Safety helmets, hard hats and bump Cap

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Falling objects
  • Head injury when working in close confines
  • Electric shock during electrical work

                                                                                                                                                                   

Eye protection

Products include: Safety gogglesoverglasses, and safety glasses.

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Airborne dust and debris
  • Chemical splashes
  • Impact hazards

                                                                                                                                                                   

Face protection

Products include: Browguards and face shield

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Chemical splashes
  • Splashes from molten metal
  • Impact hazards

                                                                                                                                                                   

Hearing protection

Products include: Reusable ear plugsdisposable ear plugs, ear defender, and clarity ear muff 

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Damage to hearing from noise exposure of all types, including:
  • Machinery
  • Equipment

                                                                                                                                                                   

Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE)

Products include: Disposable respiratorshalf masks and full face masks and reuseable respirators

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Airborne dust and debris
  • Airborne solvents
  • Exposure to areas of low oxygen levels

                                                                                                                                                                   

Hand protection

Products include: Gloves to suit different hazards, including gloves and heat-resistant gloves

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Contact with chemical hazards
  • Heat and burns
  • Injury through manual handling
  • Injury from machinery vibrations

                                                                                                                                                                   

Safety footwear

Products include: Work boots and  safety shoes

Types of health and safety risk they combat:

  • Corrosive or irritating substances
  • Electric shock during electrical work

                                                                                                                                                                   

Questions to ask when creating your PPE list

Before making your final decisions on the best PPE for your workplace, make sure to ask the following questions:

  • Is it fully-adjustable to fit the wearer correctly?
  • Does the PPE create any other health and safe issues that need to be accounted for?
  • Is it compatible with the other types of PPE that should be worn?
  • Does the PPE allow the wearer or user to do their job safely and effectively?
  • Is the PPE also suitable for the working environment, whilst also dealing with the health and safety issues?

We hope you have found our PPE list useful, and that it guides you towards making the best decision for your workplace. If you have any further queries about choosing the correct PPE for your employees, please don’t hesitate to contact our team who will be happy to advise.

Keep Safe, Keep Farming

While you may not think of farming as very dangerous, it is actually one of the most dangerous jobs in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health.

According to the Institutes’ MedlinePlus website, farms have many health and safety hazards, including:

  • Chemicals and pesticides
  • Machinery, tools and equipment that can be dangerous
  • Hazardous areas, such as grain bins, silos and wells
  • Livestock that can spread diseases or cause injuries

Of those hazards, machinery , reportedly, causes most of the farm accidents. But many of those can be prevented through proper machine inspection, maintenance. Using safety gloves, goggles and other protective equipment can also reduce accidents.

To find out what type of protection is best suited to your needs, you can visit Weldbro site to view each item for more detail or contact us for more information.