114 Dokter meninggal dunia di bulan juli, Pentingnya memperhatikan material dan standar APD Tenaga Medis

Jumlah Kematian Tenaga Kesehatan akibat Covid-19 (per 6 Juli 2021)

Jumlah Kematian Tenaga Kesehatan akibat Covid-19 (per 6 Juli 2021)

Sumber : Lapor Covid-19, 6 Juli 2021

Dokter                        : 405

Perawat                     : 339

Bidan                         : 166

Nakes Lainnya         : 45

Dokter Gigi                : 43

ATLM*                        : 32

Apoteker                    : 9

Masalah

Lapor Covid-19 mencatat, sebanyak 1.066 tenaga Kesehatan di Indonesia meninggal dunia akibat virus corona Covid – 19 hingga Selasa, 6 Juli 2021. Mayoritas tenaga kesehatan yang meninggal karena virus mematikan tersebut adalah dokter, yakni 405 orang.

Sebanyak 339 perawat juga tercatat meninggal akibat corona. Kemudian, ada 166 bidan yang meninggal karena terpapar virus asal Wuhan, Tiongkok tersebut.

Dokter gigi yang meninggal dunia akibat corona mencapai 43 orang. Sebanyak 32 ahli tenaga laboratorium medis (ATLM) meninggal karena corona.

Ada pula sembilan apoteker yang meninggal dunia akibat corona. Petugas rekam radiologi dan tenaga sanitarian yang meninggal karena corona masing-masing sebanyak enam orang dan lima orang.

Terapis gigi, tenaga elektromedik, tenaga farmasi, dan petugas ambulans yang meninggal dunia karena corona sama-sama sebanyak 3 orang. Sebanyak 2 epidemiolog meninggal karena corona.

Satu fisikawan medik dan entomolog juga meninggal karena corona. Sedangkan, ada 45 kematian akibat corona berasal dari tenaga kesehatan lainnya.

Amukan seorang pasien positif corona membuat gempar jagat maya. Bagaimana tidak, amukan tersebut membuat APD yang dikenakan oleh seorang tenaga kesehatan (nakes) robek hingga 2 satpam tertular COVID-19.

Aksi amukan itu berakibat fatal. Dua orang satpam yang membantu mengamankan pasien tersebut tertular.

“Ya (satpam positif Corona) karena satpam ya membantu menghentikan pasien namun tidak pakai APD,” kata Kapolsek Pasar Minggu Kompol Bambang Handoko, kepada wartawan, Rabu (23/6/2021).

Resiko

Menurut data Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia (PPNI), Ninuk adalah perawat pertama yang tercatat meninggal akibat Covid-19.

Dari mana ninuk tertular virus?

Sebelum jatuh sakit, selain bekerja di RSCM, Ninuk tengah mengambil kuliah D-4 keperawatan di Jakarta Selatan serta menjalani praktik lapangan di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Dr. Soeharto Heerdjan, Grogol, Jakarta Barat.

Ninuk, yang berdomisili di Cikarang, Bekasi, dan beraktivitas dengan kereta commuter line ini, pernah menderita radang paru-paru di masa lalu.

“Kalau saya pribadi (berpikir), mungkin dia (terinfeksi) di RSCM atau RS Grogol,” kata Arul.

Penyebab

      Arul mengatakan sepengetahuannya, istrinya tidak memakai Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) untuk menghadapi pasien yang mungkin mengidap Covid-19 saat bertugas. Apalagi RSCM bukan merupakan rumah sakit rujukan Covid-19.

Istrinya juga tidak tahu menahu apakah ia sedang atau pernah menangani pasien dengan Covid-19, kata Arul.

Solusi

Cara untuk mencegah penularan Covid-19 untuk garda terdepan adalah dengan cara berikut :

Pemilihan & pemakaian APD yang tepat dan sesuai standar kesehatan.

perangkat perlengkapan yang berfungsi untuk melindungi penggunanya dari bahaya, misalnya infeksi virus atau bakteri. Bila digunakan dengan benar, APD mampu menghalangi masuknya virus atau bakteri ke dalam tubuh melalui mulut, hidung, mata, atau kulit.

  1. Masker

Ada 2 jenis masker yang umumnya digunakan sebagai APD dalam penanganan pasien COVID-19 atau orang yang dicurigai terinfeksi virus Corona, yaitu masker bedah dan masker N95.

Masker yang paling tepat untuk garda terdepan ialah Drager N95.

Lalu bagaimana cara pemakaian masker yang benar? Ikuti langkah-langkah berikut:

  • Biasakan mencuci tangan terlebih dahulu sebelum menggunakan masker, boleh menggunakan air mengalir dengan sabun, boleh juga menggunakan cairan antiseptik berbahan dasar alkohol.
  • Pastikan hidung, mulut, dan dagu tertutup seluruhnya.

Kenapa harus Drager N95?

Dalam pemilihan masker untuk menangani pasien COVID – 19 haruslah tepat, dari segi material dan kebocoran pada masker maka dari itu harus memperhatikan ISO(The International Organization for Standardization) yang tertera.

Drager n95

Respirator partikulat ini dapat membantu mengurangi paparan inhalasi terhadap agen biologis udara tertentu seperti virus flu burung, SARS atau agen biologis bakteri atau virus lainnya.

Bahan filter CoolSafe™: Dihasilkan dari media filter berperforma tinggi yang menggabungkan resistensi pernapasan rendah. Bahan ini melampaui persyaratan uji debu dolomit yang menantang dan melindungi dari partikel padat dan cair (bebas minyak)

Harness kepala VarloFLEX™ dengan EasyStop: Harness kepala loop kontinu ini dibuat dari tali tekstil yang kuat dan tahan sobek.

2. Pelindung mata

Pelindung mata atau google terbuat dari bahan plastik transparan yang berfungsi untuk melindungi mata dari paparan virus yang dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh melalui mata. Alat pelindung ini harus pas menutupi area mata, Pastikan pelindung mata memiliki type N166 agar tidak berkabut atau mengganggu penglihatan.

3. Pelindung wajah

Sama halnya dengan pelindung mata, pelindung wajah juga terbuat dari bahan plastik jernih dan transparan. Jenis APD ini dapat menutupi seluruh area wajah, mulai dari dahi hingga dagu.

Bersama masker dan pelindung mata, pelindung wajah mampu melindungi area wajah dari percikan air liur atau dahak saat pasien COVID-19 batuk atau bersin.

4. Coverall

Sama halnya dengan gaun pelindung, akan tetapi coverall lebih aman menutupi keseluruhan tubuh, penggunaan nya dari kepala hingga ke kaki.

Dalam pemilihan Coverall sangatlah penting dikarenakan jika secara tidak sadar tenaga medis terkena virus di tubuhnya makan akan jadi penyebaran yang fatal, maka dari itu pemilihan coverall harus benar dari segi material dan kesobekan pada coverall maka dari itu harus memperhatikan ISO(The International Organization for Standardization) yang tertera.

Yang harus diperhatikan pada saat memilih coverall ialah ISO dan tahan terhadap apa material dari coverall tersebut, Berikut informasi type dan material yang harus ada dalam coverall :

Type :

TYPE 5 EN ISO 13982-1 Setelan Partikel Kering-Setelan untuk perlindungan terhadap debu

     berbahaya dan partikel kering apa pun.

TYPE 6 EN 13034 setelan semprot berkurang yang menawarkan perlindungan terbatas

      terhadap semprotan ringan bahan kimia cair.

EN 14126 Pakaian pelindung dapat tahan terhadap bahaya biologis dan agen infeksi.

EN 1073-2 Pakaian pelindung terhadap kontaminasi radioaktif partikulat.

EN 1149-5 Pakaian pelindung disipatif elektrostatik dengan resistansi permukaan maksimum

      2,5×10 exp 9 ohm.

DIN 32781 Pakaian pelindung terhadap pestisida.

Perlu di perhatikan type yang harus ada dalam menangani COVID – 19 ialah EN 14126 dikarenakan standar tersebut menetapkan serangkaian persyaratan dan metode pengujian untuk mengukur perlindungan kain terhadap agen infeksi

ISO 16603

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap kontak dengan darah dan cairan tubuh.

Penentuan ketahanan bahan pakaian pelindung terhadap penetrasi oleh darah dan cairan tubuh.

Metode pengujian menggunakan darah sintetis

ISO 16604

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap kontak dengan darah dan cairan tubuh.

Penentuan ketahanan bahan pakaian pelindung terhadap penetrasi patogen yang ditularkan melalui darah.

Metode pengujian menggunakan bakteriofag Phi-X 174

ISO/DIS 22611

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap agen infeksi.

Metode uji ketahanan terhadap penetrasi oleh aerosol yang terkontaminasi secara biologis.

Menentukan penetrasi oleh darah, cairan tubuh, darah, dan aerosol yang terkontaminasi secara biologis

ISO 22612

Pakaian untuk perlindungan terhadap agen infeksi.

Metode uji ketahanan terhadap penetrasi mikroba kering

ISO 22610

Tirai bedah, gaun pelindung dan pakaian udara bersih, digunakan sebagai peralatan medis, untuk pasien, staf klinis, dan peralatan.

Metode pengujian untuk menentukan ketahanan terhadap penetrasi bakteri basah.

menentukan ketahanan penetrasi mikroba kering dan basah

Bahan :

Kain: Film mikropori PPSB dilaminasi

Ritsleting: Nylon pada kepang poliester

Elastis: Karet neoprene (bebas lateks)

Benang: Poliester

ULTITEC 2000 sudah memenuhi keseluruhan dari segi standard dan material, maka dari itu coverall ini sangat disarankan bagi tenaga medis.

Berikut Bundle APD satu Set untuk tenaga medis :

Bundle 1

Bundle 2

5. Sarung tangan medis

Sarung tangan medis digunakan untuk melindungi tangan para petugas medis dari cairan tubuh pasien selama merawat pasien COVID-19. Sarung tangan ini idealnya tidak mudah sobek, aman digunakan, dan ukurannya pas di tangan.

Sarung tangan yang sesuai standar penanganan COVID-19 harus terbuat bahan lateks atau karet, polyvynil chloride (PVC), nitrile, dan polyurethane.

6. Sepatu pelindung

Sepatu pelindung digunakan untuk melindungi bagian kaki petugas medis dari paparan cairan tubuh pasien COVID-19. Sepatu pelindung umumnya terbuat dari karet atau kain yang tahan air dan harus menutup seluruh kaki hingga betis.

Cara pemakaian APD yang baik dan benar :

  1. Petugas kesehatan masuk ke antero room, setelah memakai scrub suit di ruang ganti
  2. Cek APD untuk memastikan APD dalam keadaan baik dan tidak rusak
  3. Lakukan kebersihan tangan dengan sabun atau menggunakan hand sanitizer dengan menggunakan 6 langkah
  4. Kenakan sepatu pelindung (boots). Jika petugas menggunakan sepatu kets atau sepatu lainnya yang tertutup maka petugas menggunakan pelindung sepatu (shoe covers) dengan cara pelindung sepatu dipakai di luar sepatu petugas atau jika coverall tertutup sampai sepatu petugas maka tidak perlu menggunakan pelindung sepatu
  5. Pakai Coverall bersih dengan zipper yang dilapisi kain berada di bagian depan tubuh. Coverall menutupi area kaki sampai leher

dengan baik dengan cara memasukkan bagian kaki terlebih dahulu, pasang bagian lengan dan rapatkan coverall di bagian tubuh dengan menaikkan zipper sampai ke bagian leher, Hood atau pelindung kepala dari coverall dibiarkan terbuka di belakang leher.

  1. Pasang masker n95 kemudian masker bedah dengan cara letakkan masker bedah didepan hidung dan mulut dengan memegang ke dua sisi tali kemudian tali diikat ke belakang.
  2. Pasang hood / pelindung kepala yang sudah ada di coverall dan menutupi seluruh bagian kepala dan telinga dengan baik
  3. Pasang pelindung mata (goggles) rapat menutupi mata
  4. Petugas kesehatan memasang pelindung wajah (face shield) setelah pemasangan pelindung kepala dengan menempatkan bando face shield di atas alis dan pastikan pelindung wajah menutupi seluruh wajah sampai ke dagu.
  5. Lakukan kebersihan tangan dengan menggunakan hand rubs kemudian pasang sarung tangan pendek
  6. Pasang sarung tangan dengan menutupi lengan gaun (sarung tangan panjang)
  7. Pemakaian coverall pada petugas maksimal 3 jam

Petugas sudah siap untuk masuk ke ruang perawatan pasien COVID – 19

Prosedur Penanganan APD Bekas Pakai

Setelah selesai digunakan, APD sekali pakai maupun yang bisa dipakai ulang harus dimasukkan ke dalam kantong plastik khusus dan dikemas secara terpisah.

Berikut ini adalah beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam penanganan APD bekas pakai:

  • Tidak meletakkan APD bekas pakai secara sembarangan, baik di lantai atau permukaan benda lain, seperti meja, kursi, atau loker.
  • Tidak membongkar kembali APD bekas pakai yang telah dikemas dalam plastik khusus.
  • Tidak mengisi kantong plastik khusus APD bekas pakai terlalu penuh.
  • Bersihkan diri atau mandi setelah menggunakan APD.

Siapa Saja yang Perlu Menggunakan APD?

Penggunaan alat pelindung diri yang telah disebutkan di atas hanya untuk tenaga medis yang merawat dan mengobati pasien terduga atau terkonfirmasi COVID-19, terutama yang berada di rumah sakit.

Selain itu, APD tersebut juga perlu digunakan oleh petugas kebersihan yang membersihkan ruang perawatan dan ruang isolasi pasien COVID-19 di rumah sakit.

 

Sekian dari Artikel ini semoga bermanfaat dan semoga semua tetap dalam keadaan sehat terutama untuk tenaga kerja yang sudah berusaha untuk menyelamatkan nyawa seseorang, Terima Kasih.

HI – Visiblity Clothing, Apa saja peralatan nya?

A. High – visibility clothing.
Bekerja di area dengan penerangan minim dan tingkat visibilitas rendah tentu bisa membahayakan nyawa pekerja. Pemakaian high visibility clothing atau high-visibility safety apparel (HVSA) sangat diperlukan untuk memudahkan pekerja / operator alat berat/ pengemudi kendaraan melihat keberadaan pekerja lain. HVSA sangat penting dipakai terutama jika Anda bekerja di area lalu lintas kendaraan atau area operasi alat berat.

B. Material HI – Visibilty
Bahan fluorescent adalah bahan dasar HVSA yang dibuat menggunakan pigmen khusus agar warna yang dikeluarkan tampak lebih cerah dari warna lainnya. Meski berwarna sama, bahan fluorescent akan tampak lebih terang daripada bahan non-fluorescent, terutama saat berada di area dengan pencahayaan alami (sumber penerangan hanya dari cahaya matahari) yang minim. Bahan ini dapat meningkatkan visibilitas di siang hari, terutama dalam kondisi berawan, kabut, senja, saat terbit matahari, dll.

1. Hi – Visibility clothing coverall
Dari semua jenis workwear (pakaian kerja) yang tersedia, coverall atau overall dapat dikatakan pakaian pelindung yang paling nyaman digunakan para pekerja. Desain one-piece garment dari safety coverall ini memudahkan gerak para pekerja saat melakukan aktivitasnya.
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Clothing Coverall dari Portwest dengan 2 tipe sebagai berikut :

FR-21 Super Light Weight Anti-Static Coverall

A. Flame Resistant FR-21 Super Light Weight Anti-Static Coverall
Coverall ini sangat cocok untuk tuntutan cuaca ekstra hangat dari industri lepas pantai. Dibangun dengan bobot yang lebih ringan, kain kepar tahan api yang sangat inovatif.
Kain Shell : Bizflame Plus, Katun 99%, Serat Karbon 1% 210g
Berat : 1 Kilogram 

B. Fire Retardant Coverall Araflame Silver AF73
Coverall super ringan ini menawarkan perlindungan tahan api yang luar biasa. Kain Araflame lembut dan bernapas tetapi memberikan kekuatan sobek dan tarik yang sangat baik. Ideal untuk berbagai industri termasuk minyak dan gas, petrokimia dan banyak lagi. Fitur coverall termasuk jahitan tiga kali lipat di seluruh, kantong aman dan elastisitas pinggang untuk kemudahan bergerak.

Kain Shell :
Araflame Plus : 93% Meta-aramid, 5% Para-aramid, 2% Serat Karbon 150g
Berat : 1 Kilogram

2. HI – Visibility Jacket
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Jacket dari Portwest dengan desain modern agar pengguna lebih nyaman pada saat cuaca hujan ataupun dingin.
A. Hi-Vis Winter Parka Jacket Yellow/Black PW369 PORTWEST.

Kain Shell : Industri 300D, Poliester 100%, Tenunan Oxford 300D, Dilapisi PU, Finish Tahan Noda 190g
Kain Lapisan : 100% Poliester 60g
Mengisi Kain : 100% Polyester Gumpalan 200g
Berat : 1 Kilogram

Jaket parka musim dingin berinsulasi yang dirancang dengan cermat ini menggabungkan kain poliester Oxford 300D yang tahan lama dengan tampilan yang pas dan bergaya modern. Ideal untuk kondisi cuaca dingin yang ekstrem, jaket ini memberikan insulasi termal yang sangat baik dengan lapisan Insulatex kelas berat. Fitur luar biasa termasuk ritsleting ketiak untuk meningkatkan sirkulasi udara, tudung berinsulasi dengan trim bulu yang dapat dilepas dan pita reflektif HiVisTex Pro.

B. Flame Resistant Jacket Bizweld Iona Jacket Navy Orange PORTWEST BZ13 Portwest.

Flame Resistant Jacket Bizweld Iona Jacket Navy Orange PORTWEST BZ13

Jaket Bizweld Iona ini menawarkan kenyamanan, perlindungan, dan fungsionalitas yang luar biasa. Fitur desain termasuk penutup depan stud tersembunyi, dua saku dada dengan penutup, saku ponsel tersembunyi dan pita reflektif tahan api di bahu dan lengan untuk visibilitas tertinggi.
Kain Shell : Bizweld , 100% Katun, FR Selesai 330g
Berat : 500 Gram

3. Hi – Visibility Rucksack
Selain dari high visibility clothing weldbro juga menyediakan high visibility rucksack (ransel) dari Portwest, dengan adanya high visibility rucksack para pekerja dapat membawa peralatan / barang pribadi memungkinkan tidak menutup retroreflective material (bahan relflektif) dari high visibility clothing atau pun yang tidak menggunakan high visibility clothing.

Hi - Visibility Rucksack

Kain shell : 100% Polyester 600D Fabric 250g
Kain Lapisan : 210T PA 100g
Berat : 800 Gram

Ideal untuk pekerja, pengendara sepeda atau anak sekolah yang menggunakan aksesori yang sangat reflektif agar lebih terlihat oleh pengendara. Dilengkapi dengan saku MP3/ponsel terintegrasi, beberapa saku dan panel belakang empuk untuk kenyamanan. Kain dan pita reflektif memenuhi persyaratan EN ISO 20471.

4. Hi – Visibility Hand Gloves.
Agar pekerja lebih mewaspadai kecelakaan weldbro juga menyediakan high visibility hand gloves dari Portwest, dengan adanya high visibility hand gloves pekerja dapat melambai ke pekerja lainnya agar dapat menandakan posisi dan menghindari terjadinya kecelakaan.



A. Antistatic Agent Antistatic PU Palm Safety General Gloves Portwest.
13g Pylon dan Carbon Fiber shell yang mengalihkan listrik statis. Dilapisi dengan telapak PU yang tahan lama untuk ketangkasan yang sangat baik. Untuk digunakan dalam perakitan elektronik, pengujian dan pekerjaan presisi.

Bahan: Pencelupan Serat Karbon, PU(Poliuretana).
Berat: 300 Gram


B. Sarung Tangan Kerja Putih A122 PU Ultra Safety Glove White Portwest.
Liner nilon yang nyaman dan bernapas, 3/4 dicelupkan ke dalam PU untuk cakupan yang luas. Pencelupan tambahan memberikan persentase perlindungan yang lebih tinggi pada tangan, sekaligus memberikan semua manfaat tambahan dari sarung tangan poliuretan.
Bahan : Poliuretana (PU)
Berat: 200 Gram

C. Mechanic Glove Sarung Tangan General Tergsus Micro A251 Portwest.
Penggunaan serat mikro sintetis, menghasilkan sarung tangan yang ringan dan cekatan namun sangat tahan lama. Bagian belakang katun menghasilkan sirkulasi udara yang luar biasa untuk tangan yang bekerja keras. Manset Hook dan loop memastikan pas dan aman.
Bahan : Kapas
Berat : 300 Gram

D. Anti Siberia Cold Store Glove Grey A750 Portwest.
Dirancang khusus untuk digunakan di lingkungan penyimpanan dingin saat menangani benda kering. 100% tahan air dengan lapisan Insulatex untuk kehangatan. Telapak tangan nitril untuk ketahanan abrasi yang sangat baik. Ramah kulit – Bebas pewarna Chrome dan Azo.
Bahan : Nitrile, Poliester, Insulatex, Tahan Air Selaput
Berat : 560 Gram
Sangat cocok untuk tempat kerja yang di ruang pendingin atau cold store warehouse, dilengkapi dengan standard international yang jelas dan certificate international.

E. safety Mechanical general A700 Portwest.
Sarung tangan berpelukan tangan berkinerja tinggi ini serbaguna dan cocok untuk pekerjaan apa pun. Ringan untuk pemakainya, sarung tangan ini memiliki daya tahan yang terpasang dan fitur jahitan yang diperkuat pada ibu jari untuk kekuatan ekstra dengan penyangga dan perlindungan pergelangan tangan. sarung tangan keselamatan.
Bahan : Elastane (serat sintetis yang terkenal karena elastisitasnya).
Berat : 350 Gram.

F. Impact Cut Resistant Gloves Portwest A722 Grey or Black / Anticut Portwest.
Menggabungkan kenyamanan, cengkeraman, benturan, dan ketahanan potong dalam liner mulus yang nyaman. Polong benturan PVC fleksibel dan selangkangan yang diperkuat untuk daya tahan maksimum. Cocok untuk aplikasi tugas berat.
Bahan : Serat Kaca, HPPE
Dipping : Nitril

5. Peluit Aba aba Industri.
Peluit Industri digunakan untuk sinyal dan ketepatan waktu baik di kereta api dan kapal, dan di pabrik-pabrik. Sebagian besar dari peluit ini adalah bertenaga uap dan tidak standar. Lokomotif secara individu dapat diidentifikasi dengan peluit mereka. Pada siang hari, di kawasan industri sampai ke tahun 1950 peluit setiap lapangan bisa terdengar, sebagai pabrik masing-masing memiliki boiler dan peluit.

Peluit lantang yang bisa di gunakan oleh wasit , tukang parkir, dan banyak lagi.
peluit

Panjang tali kuning : 45cm x 2
Berat : 25 Gram

6. Hi – Visibility Hat
Weldbro menyediakan HI – Visibility Hat dari Portwest dengan desain modern agar pengguna lebih nyaman terhadap pandangan dan terik matahari.

Hi vis hat
A. Bump Cap Topi Sepeda Gowes Airtech Portwest Hivis Hat PORTWEST.
Desain inovatif Bump Cap. Ventilasi maksimal berkat jaring samping dan jendela terbuka lebar di cangkang bagian dalam. Desain tekstil modern dengan pipa reflektif untuk visibilitas yang lebih baik. Puncak mid-length membuat bump cap ini cocok untuk semua penggunaan. Ukuran gesper yang dapat disesuaikan.
Bahan : ABS, EVA.
Berat : 500 Gram.

Intinya, pilihlah warna dan bahan yang membuat para pekerja dapat terlihat secara jelas di siang hari atau kondisi pencahayaan minim dan bisa dibedakan dengan mudah dari objek lainnya. Pastikan HVSA yang Anda pilih sesuai dengan standar internasional yang berlaku, salah satunya ANSI/ISEA 107-2015.

Semoga Bermanfaat, Terimakasih.

EN 14126 Certified Protective Clothing Against COVID-19

What is COVID-19

The latest global pandemic, is a coronavirus disease that causes respiratory illness that can spread quickly from human to human. The latest outbreak of COVID-19 caused about 7,000 confirmed cases in China in the first month (January 2020,  Situation report). Following with another 80,000 confirmed worldwide in the second month (February 2020,  Situation report).

Difference between COVID-19, MERS and SARS

Coronaviruses are a wide family of viruses that cause disease, often in animals. However, forms of coronaviruses can cause disease in humans, and 3 of these can cause significant outbreaks of deadly pneumonia:

  • COVID-19 – It is an infectious disease caused by the most recently identified coronaviruses. The “SARS-CoV-2 virus” is a novel coronavirus that was first identified in Wuhan, China at the end of  2019 as a disease with extreme acute respiratory syndrome that actively spread worldwide in 2020.
  • MERS – The Middle East respiratory syndrome is a viral respiratory disease caused by coronavirus. The virus “MERS-CoV” was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
  • SARS – The virus “SARS-CoV” was reported in 2002 as the cause of an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

According to figures from the World Health Organization (WHO), SARS and MERS took years to spread and killed more than 800 people. Yet COVID-19  took just 3 months to spread around the world, causing about 115,000 deaths worldwide. Such high numbers that have occurred in a short time can cause the local medical resource to crash.

How to ensure protection level sufficient for healthcare personnel

According to WHO guidelines, the virus can spread directly when a case of COVID-19 coughs or exhales droplets that touch the nose, mouth or eyes of another person. Keep your hands clean and cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing is vital for public health. Yet it’s another matter for healthcare services.

In order to prevent mass infection in healthcare facilities, infected patients need to remain in a controlled environment, namely negative pressure isolation room. Frontline operators need to wear a complete range of isolation equipment, like face shield, N95 respirator, coverall, gloves, boot covers, etc. according to WHO Disease Commodity Packages (DCPs) of COVID-19, or CDC Coronavirus Disease Infection Control.

Is it enough if wear all the equipment suggested? Typically, environmental variables are under-controlled in a healthcare facility. Normally, biological threats come from a few directions, usually from the lower front, since the patient can sit or lie down on the bed. Protective equipment used in the medical industry, such as isolation gown, is intended to avoid front contamination only. But the region above or below the chest is exposed and can cause possible hazards. Once it comes to coronavirus disease, such as COVID-19, protection for the human body is not enough.

In order to get an appropriate protection, coverall is a safer choice when dealing with disease prevention, such as COVID-19. Coverall has a one-piece hood, gloves, body cover and pants that eliminates all gaps in the collar, chest, legs and back section. These will have 360 degrees of protection for healthcare personnel.

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The Differences Between Protective Clothing and Gown

What Face Shields Do?

What Face Shield Do?

We talk a lot about eye safety and eye protection when dealing with hazards like sparks, debris, or splashing chemicals, and focus on safety glasses and goggles as an important part of our personal protective equipment (PPE).  Our eyes are easily damaged, and becoming blinded from a work injury has significant repercussions for the injured employee.

On protecting our eyes, let’s not lose sight of the fact that more than just our eyes need to be protected. Many tasks require the use of face shields too.

They provide additional protection for our eyes, and also the rest of our face as well. With that said, there are some things that we need to understand about what face shields can and cannot do.

When properly used as part of a workplace injury prevention program, face shields provide additional protection against some impact hazards, or things flying into our faces.

Pay attention to the word ‘additional,’ though; when used, OSHA does not consider face shields to be enough   protection for impact hazards like flying fragments or objects, large chips, or particles.

To protect an employee from those hazards, a face shield must be used with safety glasses or safety goggles. That’s right – 2 layers of protection. And if you think about it, it seems reasonable – the face shield can slow or even stop a flying hazard before it even reaches your glasses, which are within an inch of your eye. That’s a little close for comfort.

A big part of why a face shield isn’t enough on its own, though, is that it doesn’t sit as close to your face or eyes, and so there is still potential for something to fly under the shield and injure your eyes. When combined with safety glasses or goggles, a face shield provides an important additional layer of protection not just for your eyes, but also protects the rest of your face from burns, cuts, or even exposures to toxic or caustic chemicals.

Selecting Face Shields

Like other PPE, we need to select the right face shield for the task at hand. To do that, we need to understand what kind of protection is required, and how it will interact with other required PPE used for workplace injury prevention.

One of the most important decisions comes down to selecting the right type of window (also called a visor) on the face shield. Many are available in different types of plastic or plastic-like materials. These often provide excellent visibility for the worker, are usually lightweight (reducing the strain on the worker’s head and neck), and can even be ANSI rated for impact protection.

The materials don’t all function the same, though. Some of these materials are more scratch resistant than others. Some provide adequate protection against specific chemical exposures, whereas others may provide none, or worse, might interact with specific chemicals in dangerous ways.

Keep that in mind when selecting face shields to protect against chemical splashes, and make sure to consult your safety data sheets for the chemicals that you use to make sure that your face shields are made of the right materials.

Plastic or plastic-like materials aren’t necessary, or even ideal, for all tasks though. Steel and nylon mesh windows are also available, protecting workers against impacts from larger objects. They won’t provide the same level of protection against dusts, fumes, and vapors, though, as they do not form a solid shield, allowing dusts and vapors to pass through the mesh. That same mesh design allows for even greater airflow for the worker, which can be particularly useful when working outside in the heat.

Other required PPE can also affect what types of face shields are appropriate. One common type is attaches to hard hats, allowing employees to  wear adequate head protection. When hard hats are not required, face shields are also available as adjustable headgear.

What is Corona Virus

Now, the world is being horrendous with a disease caused by the corona virus.

Everyone is busy looking for masks, hand sanitizers and other protective devices in order to protect themselves from the virus.

Before this action, it better for us to find out about what is the corona virus.

Corona viruses are a family of viruses known for containing strains that cause potentially deadly diseases in mammals and birds. In humans they’re typically spread via airborne droplets of fluid produced by infected individuals. Some rare but notable strains, including Wuhan coronavirus (2019-nCoV), and those responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), can cause death in humans.

First described in detail in the 1960s, the coronavirus gets its name from a distinctive corona or that projects from the envelope surrounding the particle. Encoding the virus’s make-up is the longest genome of any RNA-based virus – a single strand of nucleic acid roughly 26,000 to 32,000 bases long.

There are four known genuses in the family, named AlphacoronavirusBetacoronavirusGammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronavirus. The first two only infect mammals, including bats, pigs, cats, and humans. Gammacoronavirus mostly infects birds such as poultry, while Deltacoronavirus can infect both birds and mammals.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

What are the symptoms of a coronavirus?

Unlike MERS and SARS, the Wuhan coronavirus is usually fairly mild. It can take longer for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include:

  • A mild cough.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • A runny nose.
  • A sore throat.
  • A headache.
  • A fever.

So far, only 15 to 20% of cases have become severe. Those with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. So far, only people 40 years old and older have developed the Wuhan coronavirus infection.

What causes a coronavirus?

Humans first get a coronavirus from contact with animals.  Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials do not know what animal caused the Wuhan coronavirus. The Wuhan coronavirus can be spread when one human comes into contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids, such as droplets in a cough.  It might also be caused by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes.

How is a coronavirus diagnosed?

If you believe you may have a coronavirus, you should see your doctor immediately. Before just showing up to your doctor’s office, alert your doctor that you’re coming and why. This will allow the office to prepare and perhaps isolate patients to prevent the spread of infection. To diagnose you, your doctor will run tests to rule out other common infections.

 

4 Things You need to know to protect your eyes

4 things you need to know to protect your eyes from injury:

  1. Know the eye safety dangers at your work.
  2. Eliminate hazards before starting work by using machine, or other engineering controls.
  3. Use proper eyes protection.
  4. Keep your safety eyewear in good condition and have it replaced if it becomes damaged.

Selection of protective eyewear appropriate for a given task should be made based on a hazard assessment of each activity. Types of eye protection include:

  • Non-prescription and prescription safety glasses

     — Although safety glasses may look like normal dress eyewear, they are designed to provide significantly more eye protection. They have lenses and frames that are much stronger than regular eyeglasses. Safety glasses must meet standards of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Look for the Z87 mark on the lens or frame. Safety glasses provide eye protection for general working conditions where there may be dust, chips or flying particles. Additional side protection can be provided by the use of side shields and wraparound-style safety glasses. Safety lenses are available in glass, plastic, polycarbonate and Trivex™ materials. While all four types must meet or exceed the minimum requirements for protecting your eyes, polycarbonate lenses provide the highest level of protection from impact.

  • Goggles 

    — Goggles provide impact, dust and chemical splash protection. Like safety glasses, safety goggles are highly impact resistant. In addition, they provide a secure shield around the entire eye and protect against hazards coming from any direction. Goggles can be worn over prescription glasses and contact lenses to provide protection from flying objects and chemical splashes and in dusty environments.

  • Face shields and helmets

     — Full face shields are used to protect workers exposed to chemicals, heat, or bloodborne pathogens. Helmets are used for welding or working with molten materials. Face shields and helmets should not be used as the sole means of protective eyewear. They need to be used in conjunction with safety glasses or goggles. Wearing safety glasses or goggles under face shields also provides protection when the shield is lifted.

  • Special protection 

    — Other types of protection, such as helmets or goggles with special filters to protect the eyes from optical radiation exposure, should be used for tasks such as welding or working with lasers.

One way to ensure that safety glasses provide adequate protection is to be sure they fit properly. Also, eye protection devices must be properly maintained. Scratched and dirty devices reduce vision, cause glare and may contribute to accidents.

Protective eyewear works best when you know how to use it properly. Combined with machine guards, screened or divided work stations, and other engineering controls, using the correct protective eyewear can help keep you safe from any type of eye hazard.

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Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing

Chemical Agents: Facts About Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing

Some kinds of chemical accidents or attacks may cause you to come in contact with dangerous chemicals. Coming in contact with a dangerous chemical may make it necessary.  For you to remove and dispose of your clothing right away and then wash yourself. Removing your clothing and washing your body will reduce or remove the chemical so that it is no longer hazard. This process is called decontamination.

People are decontaminated for two primary reasons:

  1. to prevent the chemical from being further absorbed by their body or from spreading on their body.
  2. to prevent the chemical from spreading to other people, including medical personnel. Who must handle or who might come in contact with the person who is contaminated with the chemical.

Most chemical agents can penetrate clothing and are absorbed rapidly through the skin. Therefore, the most important and most effective decontamination for any chemical exposure is decontamination done within the first minute or two after exposure.

How to know if you need to wash yourself and dispose of your clothing.

In most cases, emergency coordinators will let you know if a dangerous chemical has been released.

In general, contact exposure to a chemical in its liquid or solid form may require you to remove your clothing. Then thoroughly wash your exposed skin. Exposure to a chemical in its vapor (gas) form generally requires you only to remove your clothing and the source of the toxic vapor.

If you think you have been exposed to a chemical release, but you have not heard from emergency coordinators, you can follow the washing and clothing disposal advice in the next section.

What to do

Act quickly and follow the instructions of local emergency coordinators. Every situation can be different, so local emergency coordinators might have special instructions for you to follow. The three most important things to do if you think you may have been exposed to a dangerous chemical are to (1) quickly remove your clothing, (2) wash yourself, and (3) dispose of your clothing. Here’s how:

  • Removing your clothing:
    • Quickly take off clothing that has a chemical on it. Any clothing that has to be pulled over your head should be cut off instead of being pulled over your head.
    • If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas of clothing, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible.
  • Washing yourself:
    • As quickly as possible, wash any chemicals from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. Washing with soap and water will help protect you from any chemicals on your body.
    • If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. If you wear contacts, remove them and put them with the contaminated clothing. Do not put the contacts back in your eyes (even if they are not disposable contacts). If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them.
  • Disposing of your clothes:
    • After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. If you can’t avoid touching contaminated areas, or you aren’t sure where the contaminated areas are, wear rubber gloves or put the clothing in the bag using tongs, tool handles, sticks, or similar objects. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. If you wear contacts, put them in the plastic bag, too.
    • Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes.
    • When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. Do not handle the plastic bags yourself.

After you have removed your clothing, washed yourself, and disposed of your clothing, you should dress in clothing that is not contaminated. Clothing that has been stored in drawers or closets is unlikely to be contaminated, so it would be a good choice for you to wear.

You should avoid coming in contact with other people who may have been exposed but who have not yet changed their clothes or washed. Move away from the area where the chemical was released when emergency coordinators tell you to do so.

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What Is Hydrofluoric Acid?

What is Hydrofluoric Acid?

What is Hydrofluoric Acid?

Hydrofluoric acid (HF), which termed as ‘The Bone Seeker’, has been used in glass etching, rust removal, petroleum refining, tanning and dyeing since mass production in 1931. It has become an indispensable raw material for the semiconductor industry and an important catalyst in the petrochemical process. Depending on its concentration, exposure to HF can cause death.

Where hydrogen fluoride is found and how it is used
  • Hydrogen fluoride is used to make refrigerants, herbicides, pharmaceuticals, high-octane gasoline, aluminum, plastics, electrical components, and fluorescent light bulbs. Sixty percent of the hydrogen fluoride used in manufacturing is for processes to make refrigerants.
  • Hydrogen fluoride is also used for etching glass and metal.
How you could be exposed to hydrogen fluoride
  • In a natural disaster, you could be exposed to high levels of hydrogen fluoride when storage facilities or containers are damaged and the chemical is released. This release could occur at an industrial site or even a retail location.
  • You could be exposed to hydrogen fluoride if it is used as a chemical terrorism agent.
  • If you work in an occupation that uses hydrogen fluoride, you may be exposed to this chemical in the workplace.
  • You may be exposed to hydrogen fluoride as part of a hobby.
How hydrogen fluoride works
  • Hydrogen fluoride goes easily and quickly through the skin and into the tissues in the body. There it damages the cells and causes them to not work properly.
  • The seriousness of poisoning caused by hydrogen fluoride depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the person exposed.
  • Breathing hydrogen fluoride can damage lung tissue and cause swelling and fluid accumulation in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
  • Skin contact with hydrogen fluoride may cause severe burns that develop after several hours and form skin ulcers.
What Harm Does Hydrofluoric Acid Cause to the Human Body?

HF is a weak acid but highly toxic and corrosive. The harm to the human body can be divided into the skin, respiratory tract, eye, and digestive tract. The main cause that contributes to a life-threatening situation is still skin exposure. There might be no obvious symptoms at the beginning, but if it is not treated in time, the black necrosis of the affected part must be amputated or even cause death

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Human Centric Lighting

Say it a boon or curse, but due to the modern lifestyle, our indoor stay time has increased rapidly. As we spend 90% of our time indoors, we do not consume the adequate amount of sunlight which is paramount for the human body. The indoor light conditions do not deliver light nutrition that people need to stay healthy. A sunny outdoor day provides 100,000 lux and a cloudy day still provides 10,000 lux. Indoor light levels are not even half of that. This artificial light that we have in our indoor environment (offices, homes, etc.) can throw off our eternal clocks and cause issues with sleep. It can further lead to destructive health consequence i.e. poor circadian synchronization, problems with body clock similar to jet-lag, disturbance of hormonal system, and compromised mood and productivity. This lack of exposure to the sun’s spectrum disturbs the Human Circadian System which is fundamental to our physiology and controls much of our behaviour.

Human Circadian System

“This diagram depicts the typical circadian pattern of a person. Although circadian rhythms tend to be synchronized with cycles of light and dark, other factors such as ambient temperature, lack of sunlight, stress, etc. can influence the rhythm as well.”

The natural variations of sunlight help determine the timing of our internal clock called the circadian rhythm and tell our bodies when to sleep and when to be alert. If our sleep-wake cycle is deregulated, it can affect our immune system, memory, and behaviour. Our health is somewhere suffering in this disconnection between natural light and artificial light. Though we cannot cut short our indoor stay time, but by replacing the conventional lighting solutions with human-centric lighting we can surely make a big difference.

Benefits of Human Centric Lighting

Light affects our vision, body, and emotions. Human Centric Lighting enhances human performance, comfort, health, and well-being by balancing visual, emotional, and biological benefits of lighting for humans. It also improves alertness and concentration during learning by providing a better light environment. Lighting systems that give higher light intensities and colour temperature at the right time can help to improve the duration of sleep and quality of sleep and thus improve learning effects.

  • Maximizes the concentration and energy.
  • Improves work performance and productivity.
  • Increases employee motivation and commitment.
  • Assures health safety in the indoor environment.
  • Improves circadian rhythm and quality of sleep.
  • Biorhythm adjustments for night shift workers.
  • Increases emotional stability and lowers the rate of depression.

Human Centric Lighting should be implemented across various sectors to ensure the well-being and performance of people at a maximum rate.

  • Education Sector

Schools are an excellent location for tuneable white light features. It doesn’t matter if the person is an elementary scholar or a teacher, both can leverage the benefit from an optimized lighting environment in a direct or indirect way. Human Centric Lighting can be used to improve alertness during tests and concentration tasks. The teacher may switch on an intensive, cool white light during these activities, or a warm white dimmed light for relaxation and group talk.

  • Healthcare Sector

Healthcare environments (operation rooms, recovery rooms, intensive care rooms, etc.) are well suited to implement Human Centric Lighting. To improve the conditions for patients, nurses, and surgeons, HCL should be implemented because it dives the room in different lighting zones depending on the tasks. This results in less strain on the eyes, less fatigue, and improved quality.

  • Residential Sector

Incorporating HCL in residential areas can prevent mood fluctuations, depressions, and stabilizes the circadian rhythm. The emotional and physical well-being can be improved because of restful nights in better environments. The residents can feel more relaxed with fewer headaches and less tired eyes.

  • Offices Sector

Corporate areas are excellent places to implement Human Centric Lighting as it can bring energy and motivation to employees. For countries with little daylight, HCL solutions may reduce seasonal depressions and other emotional disorders. Workplace lighting, in addition to providing enough light to conduct work-related visual tasks, can also improve employees’ alertness, mood, cognition, sleep-wake pattern, and health.

It is important to understand how light can impact the occupants’ health, productivity, and overall potential. With the range of modern lights options available (LEDs, tuneable white lights, etc.), establishing a safe and healthy space is easier than ever. They are also energy-efficient and easy to control with advanced control systems. Human Centric Lighting promotes smart and connected lighting systems that can create endless possibilities with better user control.

LED solutions from Panasonic helps customers across all the sectors to achieve the right balance of lighting solutions. It has helped millions worldwide with the energy-efficient and cost-effective Human Centric Lighting solutions. It offers an amazing array of LED lights – panel lights, ceiling lights, spotlights, etc. and trusted by homeowners, large corporations, hospitals, hotels, institutions, administrations, etc. for their lighting requirements.

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The Rules When You Use Scaffolding

Many types of construction projects use scaffolding, but how do you know when you need scafolding? And what indicators mean that need scaffolding as part of your project? There are many factors to consider when deciding if the job requires scaffolding.

1) What are the Rules?

In most cases, health and safety guidelines advise that if you have more than four people working at height, then a proper risk assessment needs to be carried out. The conclusion of such a risk assessment will usually be that the safest way to carry out the job is with scaffolding. A good scaffolder will erect a safe scaffold structure for buildings and structures of any shape, size and dimension to ensure a safe fit for all tradesmen who will be working on the structure.

As per the HSE website, those with duties under the regulations must ensure that:

    • All work at height is properly planned and organised
    • Those involved in work at height are competent
    • The risks from work at height are assessed, and appropriate work equipment is selected and used
    • The risks of working on or near fragile surfaces are properly managed
    • The equipment used for work at height is properly inspected and maintained
2) How Big is the Job?

Scaffolding can seem surplus to requirement for small ‘one-man’ jobs, so in these cases, many people use a safely-secured ladder. However, ladders can only be used for low-risk, short duration work, and sometimes a ladder doesn’t give you full access to the entire roof and so the job only gets partly done. It’s important to remember that scaffolding is not only designed to keep those working at height safe, but also those on the ground. If there is any risk of tools or materials falling from the roof, then scaffolding with an edge fitted around the platform is essential to retain a safe working environment for all your workforce.

3) How Long Will the Job Take?

Scaffolding is advised in cases where the project involves working at height for more than three days, and also where weather is looking temperamental. Cornwall is notorious for its sudden weather changes so it’s crucial to retain a safe working environment by installing a temporary roof or scaffolding structure to maintain optimum safety for your project.

4 ) The Activities Requires Scaffolding
Scaffolding for Home Improvements

When a homeowner or landlord decides that they want to extend their kitchen, convert their loft or replace their rundown roof, more often than not they will require scaffolding to be erected in order for the work to be completed.
Construction workers may need access tower to reach the roof, or work platforms to make their job more comfortable and to get the work completed a lot quicker.

Scaffolding for Painters and Decorators

Painters can be expected to work at substantial heights for their job which means that scaffolding is important for keeping them safe and providing a secure work platform. They need to be able to place their tools and equipment by them as they work and move around the site with ease and safe access to all areas of the building.

Scaffolding for Building Repairs

When maintenance work is being carried out on a building (typically this is the gutter or roof), there is an increased risk of injury due to the faults that are being repaired. This could be surfaces that are not stable, tiles that are loose and structures that are at risk of falling. Hence, scaffolding can help reduce these risks by providing a safe surface and area for work to be carried out.

Scaffolding for Window Cleaners

Cleaning windows of larger commercial buildings, such as office blocks, hotels and retail stores, will require more than a ladder. Windows can often be found as high as twenty storeys and puts window cleaners at risk of falling from a fatal height. Scaffolding is one way of ensuring their safety and enabling them to carry out their job with ease and comfort.

Scaffolding for Building Inspections

Building inspections include checking the credibility and safety of buildings and structures. This inspection requires safety equipment to be installed such as scaffolding since it often involves reviewing the infrastructure’s various parts that can be located hundreds of metres above the ground. Additionally, you have to remember that the scaffold installed should adhere to safety standards.

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